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From the Library of the 

Fogg ^uscum of Art 
Harvard University 







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THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM 
OF ART 



HAND-BOOK No. 13 



CATALOGUE 

OF THE 

CROSBY BROWN COLLECTION 

OF 

Musical Instruments 
OF All Nations 

Prepared Under the Direction, and Issued With the 
Authorization, of the Donor 



II 

ASIA 

GALLERY 27 



NEW YORK 

PUBLISHED BY 

THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 
T903 



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HARVARD 

[university] 

LIBRARY 



TRANSFERRED TO 
EOGG ART MUSEUK 

FOGG MUSEUM LIBRARY 
HARVARD UNIVERSITY 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS 



INTRODUCTORY MATTER. 



General Introduction. page 

Origin and History of the Collection 3 

Scope 6 

Arrangement and Classification 10 

Plan of this Section of the Hand-Book 13 

Nomenclature 14 



CATALOGUE 



PAGES 

China (Cases ia - 4) 15-27 

Japan (Cases 5A - 1 1 ) 27-44 

Corea (Case i ia) 44-46 

Siam (Cases I2a - 14) 46-51 

Burmah (Cases 14 - 16) 51-55 

India (Cases 17A - 23) 56-69 

Asiatic Russia (Case 24) 69-70 

Persia (Cases 24A - 25) 70-73 

Turkey (Cases 25A - 26) •. 73-7^ 

Syria (Cases 27A - 28) 78-81 

Arabia (Cases 28A - 29) 81-83 

Central Cases (A-D) 84-86 

Additions to Catalogue 87-91 

Index 92-98 



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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 



FACING 
PAGE 

Gallery 2^ Frontispiece 

Plan of Galleries 25, 26, 27, 28 Facing title page 

Cases 9 ^nd 10 37 

Cases 1 1 and 12 41 

No. 1464. Burmese Gong 53 

No. 1465. Soung. Burmese Harp 55 

No. 205. Kennari Vina. India 68 

No. 204. Vina. India 68 

No. 171. Sarod. India 68 

No. 169. Sur-Sanga. India 68 

No. 346. Daraboukkeh. Syria y2 

No. 349. Daraboukkeh. Arabia ^2 

No. 304. Dombeg. Persia y2 

No. 332. Daraboukkeh. Persia y2 

No. 2272. Gyo. Temple Instrument. Japan 86 



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GENERAL INTRODUCTION 



REPRINTED IN WHOLE FROM HAND-BOOK NO. I3, PART I.^ EUROPE, 
ALTHOUGH A PORTION ONLY REFERS TO THE ASIATIC SECTION. 



ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF THE COLLECTION 

In 1884, through the kindness of a friend in Florence, Mrs. 
Crosby Brown secured a few Italian instruments to decorate 
her music room at Brighthurst, on Orange Mountain, NeW 
Jersey. These specimens, Nos. 1066, 1081, 1090, 1214 in the 
Catalogue, were the original nucleus from which the whole col- 
lection grew. Others were added from time to time, until the 
number reached 276, and the problem of housing so numerous 
and exacting a family became a serious one. It had been Mrs. 
Brown's desire from the first to make her collection useful to 
the public. Accordingly, after conference with Mr. William 
C. Prime, of New York, then one of the trustees of the Mu- 
seum, she decided to oflfer it to the Metropolitan Museum of 
Art, only stipulating that she should have full charge of the 
arrangements during her lifetime, and be free to make any 
additions* or changes which she might see fit. The oflfer was 
accepted by the Museum, and in 1889 the transfer was duly 
made. At this time the Museum possessed some forty-five 
instruments (Nos. 16, 41, 42, no, 116, 342, 354, 360, 379, 391, 
396, 399> 400, 413, 414, 479. 483, 857, 975, 976, 1007, 1012, 
1015, 1022, 1024, 1025, 1040, 1041, 1044, 1046, 1061, 1062, 
1063, 1064, 1065, 1067, 1070, 1072, 1073, 1077, 1 199, 1210, 
1212, 1221, 1223), largely European, many very beautiful, and 
all, with one exception acquired by purchase (No. 1221), the 
gift of Mr. Joseph Drexel, of New York. These were combined 
with the new acquisitions received through Mrs. Brown, and the 
300 and more specimens resulting were placed on exhibition in 
Gallery 4, on the ground floor, adjoining the Cesnola collec- 
tion of Cypriote glass. The collection thus constituted took 



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4 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

the name from the larger donor, but the specimens received 
through the generosity of Mr. Drexel were specially labeled, 
and are indicated in the present Catalogue by the donor's 
name. In the few cases subsequent to 1889, in which instru- 
ments have been received through others than Mrs. Brown, 
this fact is also specially indicated, e. g., No. 278 (Gallery No. 
27)y the gift of Mrs. Ladew, and Nos. 1236 (Gallery No. 27) 
and 1820 (Gallery No. 25), loaned, respectively, by Mr. Bay- 
ard Smith and Mrs. Hearst. 

In the years following 1889 the collection increased rapidly, 
the additions being stored in the basement until such time as 
adequate exhibition room could be obtained. With the opening 
of the new north wing in November, 1893, the desired oppor- 
tunity came, and the Director set aside Galleries 27 and 28 to be 
the permanent home of the collection, which now numbered 
some 700 specimens. Growth continued without interruption 
during the next three years, the number almost doubling by 
1896. In that year room was found for the 600 additional speci- 
mens by the construction of upper cases, and the whole number 
rearranged and reclassified. The present numbering dates from 
this time. Three years later expansion was again necessary, 
and Gallery 26 was added to the others in order to provide room 
for a collection which now numbered more than 2,000 speci- 
mens. The new quarters made possible a much more satisfactory 
arrangement. Gallery 27 was set apart for Asia, Gallery 28 for 
Africa, America and Oceania, and Gallery 26 for Europe; 
while larger instruments, too cumbrous for exhibition in the 
wall cases, were placed in the centre of each room. It was 
deemed inadvisable to alter the numbers, as the constant addi- 
tions and changes made any permanent uniformity of number- 
ing impossible. Since 1899 more than 500 specimens have been 
added, the most important accession being a large number of 
European brass instruments. These have been housed in Gal- 
lery 25, which has been assigned by the Director for this pur- 
pose. The total number of instruments now in the possession 
of the Museum reaches nearly 2,800.^ 

* The total number, January, 1903, exceeds 3,000. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 5 

While the selection and acquisition of specimens has been 
solely the work of the donor, she has received constant and 
most generous assistance from many persons, without whose 
aid the work could not have been accomplished. She is es- 
pecially glad to take this opportunity to make public acknowl- 
edgment of her indebtedness to the Directors of the chief 
European museums, to United States Consuls in various 
parts of the world, and to many correspondents of Brown 
Brothers & Company for painstaking and courteous assist- 
ance. Above all, she would express her gratitude to many 
missionaries of the various churches, who, although in many 
cases unknown to her personally, have responded most cheer- 
fully to her appeal for help, and, in their several fields, have 
labored to advance the interests of the collection with an intelli- 
gence, a persistence and an efficiency which are worthy of the 
highest praise. Among individuals — to mention three names 
onbr among many — she feels under deep obligations to the 
Rajah Sourindro Mohun Tagore, of Calcutta, India, for the 
generous gift of a large and beautiful collection of Hindu in- 
struments, and to Mr. Alfred J. Hipkins, of Broadwoods, Lon- 
don, and the Rev. F. W. Galpin, of Hatfield Vicarage, England, 
for many friendly suggestions and much helpful counsel. Mr. 
Hipkins has most kindly undertaken the preparation of the In- 
troduction to the Special Catalogue of Keyboard Instruments 
which i^s issued as a companion to this volume.^ To Mr. Galpin 
she owes a debt of gratitude which she can never repay for the 
unfailing generosity with which he has placed at her disposal 
not only his ample stores of technical information, but also the 
treasures of his unique collection. During a recent visit to the 
United States, undertaken at the collector's request, he spent 
more than three weeks at the Museum, assisting her in the 
identification and classification of the European specimens. In 
the preparation of the Catalogue his counsel and assistance have 
been constant, and the prefaces which introduce the several 
groups of European instruments, as well as many of the smaller 
notes through out the body of the text, are from his pen. 
* Reprinted in Hand-Book No. 13, Part i, Europe, page xxiii. 



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THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 



SCOPE OF THE COLLECTION. 

The title of the collection indicates that it contains musical 
instruments of all nations. It has been the aim of the donor 
to bring together specimens of all the representative musical 
instruments known to have been used by man. The work of 
the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Assyria, Greece, Rome, etc., 
has, of course, largely perished, and a knowledge of their mu- 
sical instruments, with the exception of a comparatively small 
number preserved in European nmseums or figured on the 
monuments, it is consequently impossible to obtain. In this 
field, therefore, completeness has not been sought. Some of the 
more important examples of those extant are, however, here 
represented by reproductions, and the Egyptian specimens are 
grouped together as a type case in Gallery 26 in order to form 
a suitable introduction to the European collection. 

With regard to the instruments now in common use in 
Europe, the difficulty is of the opposite kind. Here the rich- 
ness of the material renders a restriction necessary. To in- 
clude all the forms now in use would be manifestly impossible. 
Moreover, quite apart from considerations of space, it has been 
felt that the latest developments of musical mechanism are 
more in place in the technical collection of a Conservatory of 
Music than in a Museum of Art. With these exceptions, no 
typical specimen which it was possible to obtain has been re- 
fused admission. Throughout the collection, where it was not 
possible to secure the original of an important type, as in the 
case of the Egyptian harp, the Roman bucina and many speci- 
mens of medieval European instruments now extinct, careful 
reproductions have been secured of the best existing specimens. 
Thus every effort has been made to secure the greatest possible 
completeness within the field actually covered.^ 



* The Metropolitan Museum of Art, at Mrs. Brown's suggestion, 
and under her direction, is endeavoring to procure photographs of the 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 7 

As at present constituted, the collection fulfils a double func- 
tion. It makes it possible, first, to trace the development of 
the several distinct types of musical instruments from the first 
rude beginning to the finished forms now in use, and, sec- 
ondly, to illustrate the varying forms assumed by these types 
under the influence of the different civilizations. The first 
explains the presence of the large number of savage specimens 
in the collection. Through these it is possible to recover many 
of the primitive forms which are otherwise inaccessible, and to 
discover many obscure links in the chain of development. It 
has been the special effort of the donor to secure a full repre- 
sentation of the savage instruments of America, North and 
South, and of the Islands of the Sea. Already many of the 
instruments included in the collection have become extinct, and 
the same destroying influences threaten before many years to 
exterminate the rest. For this reason, as well as for their in- 
trinsic interest, the large representation of primitive speci- 
mens is a matter of congratulation. Attention is also called 
to the primitive and savage specimens included among the rep- 
resentatives of the higher civilizations. This union of the 
primitive and the more highly developed on a large scale and 
over a wide area constitutes a distinguishing feature of the 
collection. 

For the full representation of Oriental instruments less ex- 
planation is needed. In China, Japan, Burmah, Siam, India, 
Persia, and the various Mohammedan countries of southwest- 
ern Asia and northern Africa, music has reached a point of 
development where the interest in its study ceases to be anti- 
quarian. In each case we have to do with an art which has a 



collections of musical instruments of the European Museums. Through 
the kind assistance of the Directors, of which it is desired here to make 
grateful acknowledgment, .many have already been obtained, and the 
number is constantly increasing. They will be placed in the Library for 
the benefit of those who are interested in the study of the subject. At- 
tention is also called to the photographs and drawings in the cases de- 
signed to illustrate the method of playing the different instruments on 
exhibition. 



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S THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

long history back of it, and which has developed, both in theory 
and practice, forms of the highest interest to the musical stu- 
dent . There is already a large and growing literature on 
Oriental music. It is believed that the representative specimens 
contained in the collection will usefully supplement the infor- 
mation thus, obtained. Even to those without technical inter- 
est in the subject, the number and high artistic beauty of many 
of the forms here included will be a revelation of the extent to 
which the development of the musical art has been carried in 
quarters which lie outside the horizon of ordinary musical in- 
struction. 

In the choice of individual specimens the educational pur- 
pose has been paramount. Though containing many examples 
of rare artistic merit, no instrument has been chosen for its 
beauty alone, nor has historical association been a determining 
consideration. In each case the specimen has won its right to a 
place because illustrating some step in the development of 
music. No special effort has been made to secure the works 
of famous masters. The collector has no sympathy with the 
practice of locking up in museums instruments noted for rare 
beauty of tone. In a few cases, indeed, it may be important 
to secure single specimens in order to illustrate some principle 
in the history of the art- Thus, it is greatly to be hoped that 
the collection may ultimately contain examples of the work- 
manship of the great Italian violin makers. But, in general, 
a Stradivarius or an Amati is too precious to be condemned 
to a monastic existence. 

Special efforts have been made to secure the complete rep- 
resentation of families where such are known to exist. The sin- 
gle instruments now in use in our orchestras are survivors of a 
much more numerous company. This is true not merely of 
the violins, with their predecessors, the viols, but also of 
many wind instruments. Thus the flute family, now reduced 
to two representatives, originally contained no less than six, 
and the same is true of the clarinet, the oboe and many others. 
It has been the aim of the collector, as far as possible, to re- 
cover the missing members, and to show them in their original 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 9 

relationships. Those who are best acquainted with the history 
of music will most appreciate the difficulty of this undertaking, 
and be quickest to realize how many years of patient research 
are represented in the modest groups which, to the uninstructed 
eye, seem so ordinary and commonplace.^ 

Apart from the repetition which grows out of the inclusion 
of many localities and nationalities, duplicates have, as far as 
possible, been avoided. This has been done largely to econo- 
mize space. In a collection designed for exhibition, as must be 
the case in a Museum of Art, the freedom possible under other 
conditions is impossible. It would, however, greatly add to 
the value of the collection if it were possible at some later date 
to gather about the instruments designed for exhibition a sec- 
ond group, which could be used solely for study and experi- 
mentation. If this were the case, the restriction which now 
prevents the inclusion of duplicates would fall to the ground. 

A feature of the collection to which attention is called is the 
presence of models showing the mechanism of the various 
instruments, as, for instance, the diflferent kinds of reeds, free 
and beating, the different varieties of tubes employed in wind 
instruments, as conical, cylindrical, etc., and the diflferent ac- 
tions of the various keyboard instruments. In this way it is 
possible to unlock some of the secrets hidden away within 
tubes and behind cases, and to show through how much more 
intricate and winding a path than might at first appear man 
has been led in his search for sweet sounds. 

In the second European room, Gallery 25, there is a collection 
of portraits, engravings, lithographs, etc., of musical com- 



^ The following are the families completely represented : The viol, 
violin and guitar; the transverse flute without keys, transverse flute 
with keys; the very large recorders and the smaller set; the galoubet 
and the ocarina ; the clarinet and saxophone ; the krumhorn, oboe, bas- 
soon and pommer; the cornet a bouquin, ophicleide, Russian horn; 
trombone; helicon; brass sax horn, rotary valves; sax horn, pump 
valves ; sax horn, bell over shoulder model ; wooden sax horn. Each 
^roup is outlined with cording in order to facilitate recognition. 



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10 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

posers, performers and writers on music. These are chrono- 
logically arranged in a revolving frame. Other portraits of 
less known musicians are placed in scrap books in the library.^ 



ARRANGEMENT AND CLASSIFICATION OF THE 
COLLECTION. 

Educational considerations have, so far as possible, been 
consulted in the arrangement of the collection. Of the two 
most common methods — the geographical and the genetic — ^the 
former has been preferred. This has not been due to any lack 
of interest in the principle of development, but solely to the 
belief that by the geographical arrangement it is possible to 
illustrate certain facts of interest in musical history which a 
purely developmental classification would obscure. The his- 
tory of an art does not progress along straight lines. The river 
has its rapids and its eddies, as well as its deep, quiet pools. 
So, in the development of music, each civilization moulds the 
common musical material in fashions of its own. Progress is 
now rapid, now slow, and often we note what seems a retro- 
gression. A geographical arrangement brings out the distinct- 
ive features of the different civilizations and enables one to 
see at a glance what each has contributed to the development 
of the art as a whole. In general, the collection falls into three 
parts. The first, containing the instruments of Africa, Amer- 
ica, North and South, and Oceania, occupies Gallery 28. Asia 
fills Gallery 2y, with its more developed art, as illustrated in 
the great civilizations of China, Japan, Corea, India, Siam 
and Burmah, Persia, Turkey and Arabia. Galleries 25 and 
26 are given up to Europe, as well as the large central cases 
in the other two rooms. Roughly speaking, the three geo- 
graphical divisions correspond to the three main stages in the 



* In all, the Museum possesses more than 700 portraits ; of these, 203 
were presented by Mrs. Charles B. Foote, and the remainder are the 
gift of Mrs. Brown. Only those exhibited in the revolving frame in 
Gallery 25 are included in this Catalogue. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 11 

history of the art. In the first room we have the musical in- 
struments of primitive man, where the same simple forms recur 
again and again, with only unimportant variations. In the 
second, we meet highly developed forms of art, yet each with 
strong marks of individuality, due to the civilization of which 
it is the child. Entering the European rooms, we find that the 
last trace of isolation has vanished. Music has assumed a 
character truly cosmopolitan, and the work of each man, 
whether with hand or brain, has become the common property 
of all the nations. Here, accordingly, the geographical ar- 
rangement has been abandoned in the interest of a more scien- 
tific classification. 

This difference has its bearing on the problem of the cata- 
loguer. Where the geographical arrangement is controlling, 
as in the first two divisions, it is more convenient to follow 
the order of cases, even though this involves the separation of 
instruments of the same kind. In the case of Europe, however, 
where instruments are grouped after their kind, departure 
from the strict case order has sometimes proved necessary. 
Frequent cross references have been inserted for the benefit of 
the visitor, and the student's guide, on page xxxiv, will, it is 
hoped, sufficiently explain the principle of the arrangement. 
The gap between the different parts of the Catalogue is in a 
measure bridged, and the relation of the European instruments 
to their more primitive relatives indicated, partly by the Egyp- 
tian type case in Gallery 26, which gives examples of the most 
important instruments in common use in a civilization to which 
the music of Europe was so largely indebted, partly by the 
notes in connection with the several Prefaces to the European 
Catalogue, which call attention to some of the more important 
allied forms to be found in other parts of the collection. 

While the second to appear in order of time, the Hand-Book 
which is here offered to the public constitutes the first section 
of the general Catalogue. Theoretically, no doubt, the primi- 
tive and Oriental instruments should precede those of Europe. 
Practically, however, the reverse order proves most convenient. 
With Europe we reach the most highly developed forms which 



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12 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

musical history presents. Europe, therefore, gives us our most 
convenient point of departure. For the classification here 
adopted, the collector desires to express her indebtedness to 
Mr. Galpin, whose assistance in this, as everywhere in the 
preparation of the Catalogue, has proved invaluable. The 
divisions followed are a simplified arrangement of the scheme 
drawn up by him for the International Music Exhibition held 
in 1900 at the Crystal Palace, London, and are briefly set 
forth in the table which follows.^ More detailed information 
on the different classes and sections will be found in the pref- 
aces, which introduce the several divisions of the Catalogue. 

In conclusion, the collector desires to express her special 
obligation to her son. Professor Wm. Adams Brown, whose 
advice has been constantly at her service during the prepa- 
ration of the Catalogue, and who has seen the book through 
the press. 

M. E. B. 



*To Mr. Victor Mahillon, Curator of the Museum of the Royal 
Conservatory of Music at Brussels, the musical world is indebted for 
the most elaborate classification of musical instruments at present known. 



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PLAN OF THIS SECTION OF THE HAND-BOOK. 



In the preparation of this section of the hand-book the con- 
venience of the visitor has been the determining consideration. 
With the exception of Cases 24-28, where the division of the 
countries and cases do not exactly correspond, the description 
follows the order of cases without reference either to the num- 
ber of the specimen or to the character of the instrument. The 
cause of the irregularity of the numbering has already been ex- 
plained. In order to avoid all possible inconvenience, an index 
has been provided by means of which any instrument may be 
readily located. 

In order to perfect the classification of instruments in the 
European section of the Catalogue illustrating the kindred 
types in different countries, it has been found necessary to 
remove certain specimens embodied in the Catalogue of this 
Gallery. These instruments will be found on pages 18, 23, 28, 
41, 44, 51, 55, 57, 60, 69, 71, 74, 76, yy, 78, 79, 80, and 83, and 
are designated by an asterisk. 

It only remains to add that the present hand-book includes 
all specimens in Gallery 2.y, comprising China, Japan, Corea, 
Siam and Burmah, India, Asiatic Russia, Persia, Turkey, 
Arabia, Syria and Palestine. The large central case contains 
European Keyboard Instruments which are described in the 
" Special Catalogue of Keyboard Instruments," and are also 
embodied in the European section of Hand-Book No. 13, 
Part I. 



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NOMENCLATURE. 



It has not been possible to follow any uniform system in 
the spelling of names. Unless manifestly wrong, the name 
and spelling given by the person through whom the specimen 
was obtained have been retained. In other cases the best 
available authority has been followed, as for example. Van 
Aalst (i) for the Chinese names, Piggott (2) or Kraus (3) 
for Japanese, Tagore (4), Day (5) or Mahillon (6) for Indian 
names, etc. Where the native name could not be obtained, 
that of the nearest European equivalent has been added as a 
descriptive title.* 

(i) "Chinese Music," J. A. Van Aalst. Shanghai, 1884. 

(2) " The Music and Musical Instruments of Japan," F. T. Piggott. 
London, 1893. 

(3) " La Musique au Japon," par Alexander Kraus, fils, avec 85 fig- 
ures en photographic representant les instruments japonaise du 
Musee Kraus a Florence. Florence, 1878. 

(4) "Hindu Music from Various Authors," compiled by Sourindro 
Mohun Tagore. Calcutta, 1875. 

(5) " The Music and Musical Instruments of Southern India," C. R. 
Day. London, 1891. 

(6) "Catalogue Descriptif & Anal)rtique du Musee Instrumental du 
Conservatoire Royal de Musique de Bruxelles," par Victor-Charles 
Mahillon, Conservateur du Musee. Bruxelles, 1893, 1896. 



* e. g. Oboe, for wind instrument with double reed. 



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CROSBY-BROWN COLLECTION 
CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS^ 



CHINA. 

CASE I A. 

22. LAPA. Trumpet. MetaL A military instrument 
sometimes used by itinerant knife grinders. 

Length, 37 inches. Diameter of bell, 5 inches. 

2338. LAPA. Trumpet. Similar to preceding. 
Length, 58 inches. Diameter of bell, 5 inches. 

2. PO, or Seaou-po. Cymbals. Two discs of brass with 
large boss in centre and flat edges. 

Diameter, 16 inches. 

3. PO, or Seaou-po. Cymbals. Two discs of brass with 
small boss in centre and edges upturned. 

Diameter, 55^ inches. 

I. FUNG KAM. Musical Kite. Bamboo frame covered 
with paper. Aeolian harp action. 

Measurement between tips of wings, 36 inches. 

Length of body, 12 inches. 

13. SHIU-CHA. Cymbals. Two discs of brass with 
small boss in centre and broad flat edges. 
Diameter, 11 inches. 

1558. BELL. Camel Bell. Copper. Attached to collar of 
woven cord. 

Height, 12 inches. Diameter, 5 inches. 
1557. BELL. Temple Bell, Metal. Body conical with six 
flat sides, the lower edge finished in six deep points. Four holes 
near the top. Entire surface corroded. From ancient temple of 
Cheng Seng. 

Height, iij4 inches. Diameter, 8 inches. 
1393. BELL. Metal. 

Height, 9^ inches. Diameter, 6 inches. 

*The instruments in this Hand-Book designated by an asterisk 
have been reserved for purposes specified on page 13. 

15 



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16 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

CASE I. 

1698. KANG-T'UNG. Lama Trumpet. A copper tube em- 
bellished with embossed ornament and terminating in a dragon's 
head. Used in the Thibetan monasteries. 
Length, 12 inches. 

108. KANG-T'UNG. Lama Trumpet. Similar to pre- 
ceding except that the tube is of bone (probably the bone of a 
Lama priest) finished with a dragon's head in copper. 
Length, 14 inches. 

1695. KANG-T'UNG. Lama Trumpet. Similar to pre- 
ceding. 

Length, 12 inches. 

2339. TUNG KEO, or Cha-chiao. Trumpet. Brass. A 
form of the Lapa (No. 22, C. i a) with crook. Used at wedding 
processions. 

Length, 58 inches. Diameter of bell, 5J<2 inches. 

23. TUNG KEO, or Cha-chiao. Trumpet. Brass. Sim- 
ilar to preceding. 

Length, 32 inches. Diameter of bell, 5J/2 inches. 

32. HAI-LO, or Lozeu. Conch Shell Trumpet. Chiefly used 
by soldiers and watchmen. 
Length, loj^ inches. 

1904. BELL. Bronze Hand Bell. This bell and those 
under the following sixteen numbers are of the type used by 
priests. 

Height, 6 inches. Diameter, 2^ inches. 

1902. BELL. Similar to preceding. 
Height, 6 inches. Diameter, 2% inches. 

1901. BELL. Similar to preceding. 

Height, 5^ inches. Diameter, 2j^ inches. 

1903. BELL. Similar to preceding. 
Height, 6 inches. Diameter, 3^4 inches.. 

1906. BELL. Similar to preceding 

Height, 6y2 inches. Diameter, 3^ inches. 

1905. BELL. Similar to preceding. 
Height, 6^ inches. Diameter, 3J4 inches. 

1913. BELL. Similar to preceding. 

Height, 7 inches. Diameter, 3^ inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 17 

1908. BELL. Similar to preceding. 
Height, 7 inches. Diameter, 3j/$ inches. 

67. BELL. Similar to preceding. 
Height, 7 inches. Diameter, 2^ inches. 

191 1. BELL. Similar to preceding. 
Height, 7 inches. Diameter, 35^ inches. 

1907. BELL. Similar to preceding. 

Height, 7 inches. Diameter, sH inches. 

1912. BELL. Similar to preceding. 
Height, 7 inches. Diameter, sl^ inches. 

1910. BELL. Similar to preceding. 

Height, 7 inches. Diameter, 3^ inches. 

1909. BELL. Similar to preceding. 
Height, 7 inches. Diameter, 31/2 inches. 

69. BELL. Similar to preceding. 
Height, 8 inches. Diameter, 3^ inches. 

1915. BELL. Similar to preceding. 

Height, 75^ inches. Diameter, sl^ inches. 

68. BELL. Similar to preceding. 

Height, yyz inches. Diameter, sl4 inches. 

« 

140. BELL. Bronze. With Thibetan inscription. 
Height, 9 inches. Diameter, 4 inches. 

2067. CHAN CHUNG. Prayer Bell. Bronze. One of four 
prayer bells, varying in size from 71/2 inches to 8 inches in height, 
554 to 5J4 inches diameter. 

2068. CHAN CHUNG. Prayer Bell. Similar to 2067. 

2069. CHAN CHUNG. Prayer Bell. Similar to 2067. 

2070. CHAN CHUNG. Prayer Bell. Similar to 2067. 
1914. CHAN CHUNG. Prayer Bell. Bronze. 

Height, 7 inches. Diameter, 5 inches. 
122. BELL. Bronze. Octagonal body, with inscription. 
Height, 4 inches. Diameter, 2^ inches. 

70. BELL. A metal sphere, without ornament, contain- 
ing clapper. No opening of any kind and no handle. 

Diameter, ij4 inches. 

10. HSING, or Po. Cymbals. Brass. Cup-shape. 
Height, ij^ inches. Diameter, 2 inches. 



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18 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

1559. BELL. Donkey Bell Metal. Attached to leather 
collar. 

Height, 3 inches. Diameter, ^% inches. 

20. HEANG-TEIH, or Sona. Oboe, A conical tube of 
wood» having 7 finger holes in front and one on back, terminating 
in a brass bell. The opposite end of the tube is finished" with two 
small metal spheres placed between two metal discs, in the upper 
one of which is inserted the double reed. 

Length, 17}^ inches. Diameter of bell, 5 inches. 

21. K'AI-TL Oboe. A smaller form of the Heang-teih. 
Length, 12H inches. Diameter of bell, 35^2 inches. 

1450. HEANG-TEIH, or Sona. Oboe, Similar to No. 20. 
\ Length, 18 inches. Diameter of bell, 5 inches. 

16. YANG-CHIN (Yang-kin). Dulcimer, A trapezoidal 
box of lacquered wood in each end of which are inserted 20 metal 
pegs carrying 20 fine wire strings, which pass over and through 
two perforated wooden bridges. Plaj'^ed with two small bamboo 
beaters. 

Length, 26 inches. Width, 9^ inches. 
(Drexel Collection.) 

17. YANG-CHTN. Dulcimer, 16 sets of strings, 4 in 
each. In other respects similar to No. 16. 

Length, 31 inches. Width, 12 inches. 

18. YANG-CHIN. Dulcimer. 14 sets of strings, 3 in 
each. In other respects similar to No. 16. 

Length, 32 inches. Width, 11 inches. 

*I9. YANG-CH'IN. Dulcimer. 18 sets of strings, 4 in 
each. In other respects similar to No. 16. 
Length, 32 inches. Width, 11 inches. 

CASE 2 A. 

12. PO, or Seaou-po. Cymbals. Two brass discs with 
small boss in centre and broad flat edges. 
Diameter, 2254 inches. 

14. CHA KOH. Cymbals. Brass. Similar to preceding. 
Diameter, 7 inches. 

24. FUNG KAM. Musical Kite. Similar to No. i, C. i a. 
Measurement between tips of wings, 36 inches. 
Length of body, 12 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 19 

II.. PO, or Seaou-po. Cymbals. Brass. Similar to No. 

2, C I A. 

Diameter, 12 inches. 

CASE 2. 

45. ERH-H'SIEN (Ur-heen). Fiddle. Body and neck of 
wood. 2 large wooden pegs inserted in the front of the neck 
near head. 

Length, 19 inches. Diameter of body, 3 inches. 

Length of bow, 21 inches. 

55. HU-CHIN (Hu-kin). Fiddle. Body wood, pear 
shaped, with s ake-skin belly. Slender neck of wood finished 
with a peg box in one side of which are inserted 4 large pegs 
carrying 4 silk strings. 

Length, 34 inches. Length of bow, 30 inches. 

53. YUEH-CHIN (Yue-kin). Moon Guitar. Body a cir- 
cular wooden box with short slender neck in centre of which is a 
peg box with 2 conical pegs on either side carrying 4 silk strings. 
Played with the fingers or a plectrum. 

Length, 22^ inches. Diameter of body, 14 inches. 

44. ERH-H'SIEN. Fiddle. Body bamboo, neck wood. 
2 wooden pegs. 2 silk strings. 

Length, 22^ inches. Diameter of body, 3^2 inches. 
Length of bow, 29 inches. 

39. ERH-H'SIEN. Fiddle. Body and neck wood. 
Snake-skin belly. 2 wooden pegs. 2 silk strings. 

Length, 29 inches. Diameter of body, 2^ inches. 
Length of bow, 29 inches. 

41. SAN-H'SIEN (San-heen). Banjo. Body wood, oval, 
with snake-skin back and belly. Slender neck of wood, finished 
with peg box surmounted by a carved ornament. 3 grooved 
pegs carrying 3 silk strings. 

Length, 38^ inches. Diameter of body, 6 inches. 
(Drexel Collection.) 

42. ERH-H'SIEN. Fiddle. Similar to No. 39. 
Length, 185^ inches. Diameter of body, 2 inches. 
Bow missing. 

(Drexel Collection.) 

43. ERH-H'SIEN. Fiddle. Similar to No. 39. 
Length, 18 inches. Diameter of body, 2 inches. 
Length of bow, 29 inches. 



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I THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

38. SAN-H'SIEN. Banjo. Body of Swan-wood. Similar 
to No. 41. 

Length, 46 inches. Diameter of body, 7 inches. 

47. HU-HU. Fiddle, A variety of the Erh-h'sien (No. 
39). Body and neck of bamboo. 

Length, i8^4 inches. Diameter of body, 2 inches. 
Length of bow, 27^ inches. 

52. P'l-P'A (Pepa). Balloon Guitar, Body of wood, pear 
shaped, tapering to the neck which is finished with a peg box, 
bent backward, and surmounted with carved ornament. The 
neck is faced with four slightly convex plates of ivory, producing 
a grooved surface, and there are 8 wooden frets on the body, 4 
silk strings and 4 small pegs with flat heads. Played with plec- 
trum or fingers. 

Length, 38 inches. Width at base, 9 inches, tapering to neck. 

Depth, 2 inches. 

46. Tl-CHIN (Ti-kin), or Ye-kin. Fiddle. Body cocoa- 
nut shell, neck wood, 2 silk strings. 

Length, 26 inches. Diameter of body, sH inches. 
Length of bow, 28 inches. 

37. TZKEN-H'SIEN-HU-CHIN. Fiddle, Octagonal 
body of swan-wood, snake-skin belly, 4 silk strings. 
Length, 32 inches. Diameter of head, 3% inches. 
Length of bow, 28 inches. 

40. Tl-CH'IN. Fiddle. Body of cocoanut shell faced 
with wood; wooden neck with peg box near head. 2 grooved 
wooden pegs carrying 2 silk strings. 

Length, 26 inches. Diameter of body, 3 inches. 

Length of bow, 26 inches. 

54. P'l-P'A. Balloon Guitar. Similar to No. 52, except 
that there are two crescent-shaped sound holes in face, and the 
tuning-pegs are long and grooved. A very old specimen. 

Length, 36 inches. Width at base, 12H inches, tapering to 
neck. Depth, 2^ inches. 

CASE 3 A. 

4. LO. Gong, Metal. Wooden beater. 
Diameter, 18 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 21 

1703. GONG. Temple Gong. Metal. Wooden beater. 
The instrument rests upon a yellow cushion in a circular wooden 
box. 

Gong: Diameter, 11 inches; height, 7 inches. 
Box: Diameter, loj^ inches; height, 4^ inches. 

1704. CHU-KO-KOU. Drum, This instrument resembles 
somewhat a form of kettle drum. It is a shell of bronze with 
curved sides flaring toward the open end. The opposite end is 
a flat circular head with geometric figures in low relief; a star in 
the centre. On one side of the shell a longitudinal opening ex- 
tends from the edge to a point near the head, and there are also 2 
pairs of handles on opposite sides. 

Diameter, 18 inches. Height, loH inches. 

5. LO. Gong, Metal Embossed. 
Diameter, 12 inches. 

6. SU-LO, or Lo. Gong, Metal. Wooden beater. 
Diameter, 16 inches. 

7. LO. Gong. Metal. Wooden beater. 
Diameter, 9 inches. 

8. TANG-TSZ, or Lo. Gong. Metal. 
Diameter, 6l^ inches. 

9. SU-LO, or Lo. Gong. Metal. 
Diameter, 4 inches. 

28. KOU, or Ying Kou. Drum. Cylindrical shell of 
black lacquered wood, decorated with designs in silver. Heads 
of skin held in place by double rows of rivets. Suspended in a 
frame by four rings and beaten on the upper surface. 
Diameter, 13^^ inches. Height, 24 inches. 

CASE 3. 

2314. LO-TSEIH. Gong, Small gong suspended in metal 
ring, with wooden handle. Wooden beater with metal tip. 
Diameter of gong, 5 inches. Total length, 12 inches. 
Beater, 10 inches. 

1469. GONG. Bamboo, Used by night watchmen. 
Length, 20 inches. Diameter, 3 inches. 
64. KHENG. Sonorous Stone, A flat triangular stone, 
resembling a leaf, suspended from a wooden standard. Used in 
the household to announce the arrival of a guest, the number of 
strokes indicating his rank. 
Height, 19 inches. 



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22 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

15. YUN-LO. Gong Chime, Three rows of metal gongs 
suspended in a frame of wood; the two outside rows having three 
gongs, the central four. A temple instrument used by Buddhist 
priests. 

Height of frame, 28 inches. Width, 16H inches. 

Diameter of largest gong, 4 inches. 

1795. TE-CH'ING. Sonorous Stone, A slab of Jade sus- 
pended in frame of teak-wood. 

Height of stand, 22 inches. Width, 5^ inches by 11 inches. 
Dimensions of Jade, 8 inches by 4 inches. 

1686. KO-TZE. Pigeon Whistle. Made from a gourd, lac- 
quered. A device attached to the tail feathers of pigeons. The 
whistling produced by the displacement of the air, during the 
flight of the pigeon, protects it from birds of prey. 

Dimensions, ij^ inches by i^ inches. 

1687. KO-TZE. Pigeon Whistle. A gourd cut to represent 
a grotesque head. Lacquered black. 

Diameter, ^ inch. 

1693. KO-TZE. Pigeon Whistle. Two bamboo tubes. 
Dimensions, J4 inch by 2^ inches. 

1690. KO-TZE. Pigeon Whistle. Two bamboo tubes sur- 
rounded by 7 smaller tubes. 

Dimensions, 2J/2 inches by 2^ inches. 

1684. KO-TZE. Pigeon Whistle. A gourd similar to No. 
1686; decorated with an ornamental band. 

Dimensions, 2^ inches by 2 inches. 

1683. KO-TZE. Pigeon Whistle. Similar to preceding, 
without ornament. 

Dimensions, 2 inches by 3 inches. 

1682. KO-TZE. Pigeon Whistle. Similar to preceding. 
Dimensions, 2% inches by 4 inches. 

1688. KO-TZE. Pigeon Whistle. A gourd with ten short 
tubes of bamboo inserted. 

Diameter, 2J/2 inches by 3 inches. 

1685. KO-TZE. Pigeon Whistle. Similar to No. 1682. 
Diameter, 1% inches. 

1691. KO-TZE. Pigeon Whistle. Two tubes of bamboo 
surrounded by 9 smaller tubes. 

Diameter, i^ inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 2a 

1692. KO-TZE. Pigeon Whistle. A flat piece of wood, to 
the upper surface of which 15 short bamboo tubes are fastened, ar- 
ranged in 3 rows of 5 each. 

Dimensions, 2% inches by i}^ inches. 

1689. KO-TZE. Pigeon Whistle. A small gourd sur- 
rounded by 6 short tubes of bamboo. 
Diameter, ^ inch. 

1694. KO-TZE. Pigeon Whistle. Five small tubes fastened 
side by side. 

Diameter, 2% inches by J^ inch. 

2334. WHISTLE. Pottery. In form resembling a bird. 
Dimensions, 2 inches by 15/2 inches. 

2335. WHISTLE. Pottery. Similar to No. 2334. 

*2336. WHISTLE. Pottery. Similar to No. 2334. 

2324. FOON. Whistle. Pottery. 

Height, 3K inches. Diameter, 2^ inches. 

474. TY. Vertical Flute. A wooden tube colored red, with 
beaked mouth-piece inserted and 6 finger holes in front. 
Length, 10^ inches. 

♦56. HSIAO. Vertical Flute. Bamboo tipped with ivory. 
5 finger holes in front, 2 on back. 
Length, 26 inches. 

57. TI-TZU. Transverse Flute. Lacquered wood tipped 
with ivory. 8 finger holes in front, i on back. 
Length, 26 inches. 

61. TI-TZU. Transverse Flute. Bamboo, bound with black 
silk cord waved. 8 finger holes in front, i on back. 

Length, 26 inches. 

62. TI-TZU. Transverse Flute. Bamboo tipped with ivory. 
8 finger holes in front, i on back. 

Length, 26 inches. 

59. PINA. Vertical Flute. Bamboo. 5 finger holes in 
front, I on back. 

Length, 24 inches. 

60. HSIAO. Vertical Flute. Bamboo. 5 finger holes in 
front, 3 on back. 

Length, 23^/2 inches. 



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24 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

1710. TI-TZU. Transz'crse Flute. Bamboo. 8 finger holes in 
front, I on back. 

Length, 20 inches. 

1396. MINTEKL Vertical Flute, Bamboo. 7 finger holes 
in front, i on back. w 

Length, 15 inches. 

58. KUAN-TZU. Reed Pipe. Wood. 7 finger holes in 
front, 2 on back. 

Length, 7^/2 inches. 

2219. TI-TZU. Transverse Flute. Marble. 8 finger holes in 
front, I on back. 

Length, 24 inches. 

71. PHEK. Castanets. 5 pieces of wood fastened to- 
gether with silk cord. Used as a time-marker. 
Length, iij^ inches. Width, 2^/2 inches. 

1395. PAI-PAN. Castanets. 3 pieces of wood. Similar 
to preceding. 

Length, 10 inches. Width, 2^ inches. 

2894. CHENG (Sheng). Mouth Organ. A bowl-shaped 
reservoir of lacquered wood, fitted with a crook mouthpiece on one 
side and 17 bamboo pipes, varying in length, inserted in the top. 
13 of these pipes are fitted with free reeds, and each has a small 
hole just above the point where it enters the reservoir. In blowing 
into this instrument no sound is produced unless these holes are 
covered. The Cheng dates from time immemorial in China, and is 
interesting as embodying the principle of the free reed more fully 
developed in the grand organ of to-day. 

Height, i6j4 inches. Diameter of reservoir, 2^^^ inches. 

97. CHENG (Sheng). Mouth Organ. Similar to pre- 
ceding, but without the crook mouthpiece. 

Height, 20 inches. Diameter of reservoir, 4 inches. 

CASE 4 A. 

29. KOU. Drum. Shell of wood, resembling a cask, 
with head of heavy skin fastened with 2 rows of large metal 
rivets. There are 3 twisted ropes of vegetable fibre wound 
around the shell near the base, and several metal rings inserted 
just below the head. 

Height, 19 inches. Diameter, 13 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 25 

34. THAI-PANG-KOU. Drum. Shell of black lac- 
quered wood, resembling a dumb-bell in shape. The heads of 
skin, stretched over hoops and extending beyond the body, are 
laced together with a network of cords by means of small metal 
hooks inserted in their edges. 

Height, 24 inches. Diameter, 11 inches. 

49. CHIN (Kin). Scholar's Lute. Body of wood, lac- 
quered, the upper surface slightly convex. Mounted with 7 silk 
strings fastened on the under side and played with the finger 
tips. Highly esteemed as being the most ancient of the Chinese 
stringed instruments. 

Length, 48 inches. Width, 8 inches. 

50. LAH CH'IN. Stringed Instrument. Played with bow. 
Body wood, with upper surface convex, mounted with 20 silk 
strings fastened to metal pegs arranged in pairs and passing 
over ID movable bridges. These bridges are about 3 inches in 
height, and in shape resemble an inverted prong. 

Length, 23 inches. Width, 6 inches. 
Length of bow, 29 inches. 

51. STRINGED INSTRUMENT with bow. 16 wire 
strings, 14 movable bridges. Similar to preceding except that 
there are two sound holes in upper surface and the bridges are 
very much smaller. 

Length, 23 inches. Width, 5 inches. 
Length of bow, 29 inches. 

48. TSENG. Stringed Instrument. Body wood, upper 
surface convex, mounted with 14 wire strings fastened to metal 
pegs, inserted diagonally across face of instrument, from which 
they pass over 14 movable bridges to opposite end, where they 
are fastened on the interior. Played with the finger-tips. 
Length, 39 inches. Width, 5 inches. 

CASE 4. 

1 5 16. KOU. Drum. Cylindrical shell of wood with heads 
of skin riveted. Entire surface decorated in color. 

Height, 19 inches. Diameter, 4% inches by 3J/2 inches. 

35. KOU. Drum, A circular shell of wood with heads 
of skin riveted, placed on a bamboo tripod. Upper surface 
beaten with two slips of bamboo. 

Diameter of drum, 11 J/^ inches. Height of tripod, 30 inches. 

1701. TOY HAND DRUM. Tin. A straight handle sur- 
mounted by 3 flat circular boxes, placed edge to edge, one above 



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26 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

the other. When the handle is twirled these are struck by beads 
fastened to cords suspended on the sides. 

Height, 10 inches. Diameter of discs, i^ inches. 

2^. KOU. Drum. A flat circular drum with copper shell 
and head of skin riveted. 

Diameter, lo inches. Depth, 2^ inches. 
Length of mallet, lo^ inches. 

1699. T'AO-KOU. Double Hand Drum, A wooden handle 
passing through two small cylinders, the heads of which are 
covered with skin, riveted. When the handle is twirled between 
the hands the heads are struck by balls suspended from the sides 
of the cylinders. 

Height, 18 inches. Diameter, 4J^ inches, 3^ inches. 

2331. RATTLE. Pottery. Representing figure of priest. 
Height, 2j^ inches. 

2332. RATTLE. Pottery. Similar to No. 2331. 
Height, 2y2 inches. 

2333. RATTLE. Pottery. Similar to No. 2331. 
Height, 4J/2 inches. 

26. CH'IN-SIAN. Tambourine, A circular frame of 
wood in which are inserted 4 small metal discs. Head of snake- 
skin. 

Diameter, 9H inches. 

1700. TAO-KOU. Single Hand Drum. Similar to No. 
1699 except that there is but one cylinder. 

Height, 14 inches. Diameter, 4 inches. 

2340. TOY HAND DRUM. Similar in form to No. 1701. 
Handle and shell of drum wood, heads of snake-skin. 

Height, 8H. inches. Diameter of cylinder, 2^ inches. 
25. PA-CHIAO-KOU. Tambourine. Octagonal frame 
of wood in seven sides of which small metal cymbals are in- 
serted. Head of snake-skin. 

Diameter, 6^ inches. Depth, 2 inches. 
31. KOU. Drum. Shell of wood, cup shape, with head 
of heavy skin, riveted. 

Height, 5 inches. Diameter, sH inches. 
2163. SE, or CHE. Stringed Instrument. Used at imperial 
and religious ceremonies. Body of wood, lacquered, the upper sur- 
face convex and mounted with 25 silk strings, 5 of which are blue, 
5 red, 5 purple, 5 green, 4 yellow and i white. Each string passes 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 27 

over a movable bridge of corresponding color, and is fastened on 
the under side of the body. Played with the finger-tips. 
Length, ^2 inches. Width, 17 inches. 

2322. KOU. Drum. Circular shell of wood with heads 
of skin, riveted. 

Diameter, 8J4 inches. Depth, 2j4 inches. 
33. PANG-KOU. Drum on Tripod, A bamboo tripod, 
supporting a circular wooden drum resembling an inverted bowl. 
The skin, which is usually stretched over the open end of the 
shell, in this instance covers its convex surface, and is fastened 
with three rows of metal rivets. This drum is used in the 
theatres. 

Diameter, 10 inches. Height of tripod, 30 inches. 
36. PAN. Castanets, ^n oblong block of polished wood 
having a deep incision along one side. This is fastened to the 
side of the Pang-Kou and struck with the same beaters. 

Length, 6^ inches. Width, 2^ inches. 

Diameter, ij4 inches. 

2321. KOU. Drum. Cylindrical shell of wood with heads 
of skin, riveted. 

Height, 7]/^ inches. Diameter, 4J/2 inches. 

30. KOU. Drum. Shell of wood, cup-shaped, with head 
of skin, riveted. 

Height, 7 inches. Diameter, 5 inches. 

2358. LO-CHU. Rattles. Straight wooden handle sur- 
mounted with a globular head of papier mache in brilliant colors. 
Length, 11J/2 inches. Diameter of head, 3 inches. 

2323. YU. Tiger. Temple Instrument. A wooden tiger, 
the back of which is notched and rubbed with a wooden beater dur- 
ing certain parts of service. 

Height, 17 inches, including pedestal. 

2330. MUSICAL BALL. A ball of papier mache embody- 
ing a mechanism consisting of wires stretched across the interior, 
which are struck by balls of composition when it revolves. 
Diameter, 7 inches. 

JAPAN. 

CASE 5 A. 

1555. YAM ATO KOTO. Stringed Instrument. Body wood, 
mounted with six silk strings attached to six heavy braids of 
green and white silk cord, which pass through six deep notches 



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28 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

cut in the end of the body and are fastened underneath. From 
these cords the strings pass over six movable bridges to the oppo- 
site end, where they are fastened on the under side. Played with 
the finger-tips and a slip of ox-horn or other hard material, the 
air being picked out with the little finger of the right hand. 
Length, 75 inches. Width, g% inches, tapering to 6 inches. 

*i09. SONO KOTO. Stringed Instrument, Body of kiri 
wood, mounted with 13 silk strings, passing over 13 movable 
bridges made of Chinese shitan wood. Played by plucking the 
strings with two bits of ivory fastened in small leather stalls worn 
on the finger tips. These are called tsume. 
Length, 71 inches. Width, g}i inches. 

1 10. KOTO. Stringed Instrument. Similar to 109. 
Length, 68 inches. Width, 9^ inches. 

(Drexel Collection.) 

111. SONO KOTO, or Han koto. Stringed Instrument. 
Similar to 109, but of smaller dimensions. 

Length, 42 inches. Width, 9 inches. 

112. SEIONKIN-KIN, or Koto. Stringed Instrument. 
Body wood with tortoise-shell trimmings, 13 silk strings. 

Length, 18J/2 inches. Width, 4 inches. 

CASE 5. 

1548. YO-KIN. Stringed Instrument. Body of wood, lac- 
quered black, the upper surface convex. At each end there are 2 
rows of metal keys and a stationary bridge corresponding to the 
nut of the violin. 26 fine wire strings, arranged in pairs, pass over 
13 movable bridges. Played by plucking the strings. 
Length, 25^ inches. Width, 9 inches. 

1483. ICHI-GEN-KIN, or Souma-koto. Stringed Instru- 
ment. A flat piece of wood, with ornamental carving on upper 
surface, mounted on four slender feet. A single string of silk 
is wound about a large wooden peg inserted near one end of the 
body, from which it is carried to the opposite end and elevated by 
a movable bridge before passing through an eyelet ta the under 
side where it is fastened. Played by plucking the string with 
cylindrical ivory tsume. 

Length, 44 inches. Width,. 6 inches. 

114. NI-GEN-KIN. Stringed Instrument. Body of wood, 
similar to preceding. There are 2 silk strings, each fastened at 
one end to a wooden peg; they then pass through an ivory bridge, 
and at the opposite end, after passing over a second bridge, they 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 29 

are carried to the under side and fastened. Played by plucking 
the strings with cylindrical ivory tsume. 
Length, 42 inches. Width, ^Vz inches. 

1542. ICHI-GEN-KIN. Stringed Instrument. Similar to 
1483. In this instrument the body is a half section of bamboo, 
with upper surface convex and back not enclosed. The stand is of 
grained wood, unvarnished, with floral designs in water color. 
Played with cylindrical ivory tsume. 

Length, 40H inches. Width, 4^/2 inches. 

1544. YAKUMO-KOTO. Stringed Instrument. A form of 
the Ni-gen-kin (No. 114). Body a half section of bamboo, upper 
surface convex, with flat back of wood; open both ends. At one 
end the back extends beyond the bamboo, and in it are inserted 
2 richly ornamented pegs, holding the 2 silk strings. From these 
pegs the strings pass under the bamboo and reach the upper sur- 
face through a single eyelet. They are then carried over 2 
bridges— one at either end of the body, to a second eyelet, through 
which they pass to the interior, where they are fastened. Stand of 
grained wood, unvarnished. Instrument and stand ornamented 
with heavy silk cord and tassels. Played with cylindrical ivory 
tsume. 

Length, 42K inches. Width, 4^ inches. 

1543. SAN-GEN-KIN. Stringed Instrument. Body half a 
section of bamboo enclosed with wood. The upper surface is 
flat, and is mounted with 3 silk strings. These are fastened to a 
small block of wood near one end, from which they pass over 2 
bridges to the opposite end, where they are wound about 3 large 
wooden pegs, inserted diagonally across the face of the instru- 
ment. Stand similar to 1542. Played with cylindrical ivory tsume. 

Length, 40 inches. Width, 4^ inches. 

113. ICHI-GEN-KIN. Stringed Instrument, Similar to 
1483. Simply a flat piece of wood mounted with i silk string; the 
bridge is missing and there is no stand. 
Length, 43 inches. Width, 4 inches. 

2054. ICHI-GEN-KIN. Stringed Instrument. Body whale- 
bone, mounted with i silk string. 

Length, 35 inches. Width, 4 inches, tapering to point 

CASE 6 A 

1 554. NI JUGO-GEN. Stringed Instrument. Body of grained 
wood with upper surface slightly convex. 25 silk strings are 
fastened at one end of the body, and passing over a bridge are 



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30 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

carried to the interior through 13 holes placed diagonally across 
the face of the instrument, where they are regulated by pegs, 
which project along the side. 24 of the strings are arranged in 
pairs. 

Length, 36^ inches. Width, 8 inches, tapering to 6 inches. 

90. KAZO. Drum and Stick, Skin stretched over a 
wooden hoop. A rude instrument in use among the Ainos. 
Diameter, 22 inches. 

92. UTA-DAIKO, or Shime Daiko. " Song Drum/' Shell 
of wood, lacquered. Heads of skin, stretched over hoops of larger 
diameter than the shell, the projecting edges laced together with 
heavy cord. When in use placed in a wooden frame before the 
drummer. It is sometimes called the " tied drum," and is also 
known as the drum of the Geza Theatre. 

Diameter of heads, 14 inches. Diameter of shell, 95^ inches. 

Depth, 6 inches. 

118. KAKKO. Drum, Shell of wood, decorated in color. 
Heads of skin, similar in construction to preceding. A stand of 
lacquered wood and i knobbed stick. 

Diameter of heads, 8 inches. Diameter of shell, 6 inches. 

Depth, loj^ inches. 

CASE 6. 

105. KOKIU. Fiddle. A square body of wood with belly 
and back of cat-skin. The long slender neck has a peg box near 
the head with 2 pegs inserted in either side. The 4 silk strings 
are fastened to a spike projecting from the lower part of the body, 
from which they are carried over the bridge to the peg box. 
Horse-hair bow. 

Length, 275^ inches. Diameter of body, 5^ inches. 

Length of bow, 36 inches. 

2088. BIWA. Balloon Guitar, Body wood in form of a fish. 
4 silk strings. Played with plectrum. 

Length, 36 inches. Width, 6 inches, tapering to neck. 

2089. GEKKIN. Moon Guitar. Circular body with short 
neck of white wood ornamented with carved ivory. 4 silk strings. 
Played with plectrum. 

Length, 26 inches. Diameter of body, 14 inches. 

1537. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. (Japan?) Circular 
body and long slender neck of wood with belly of skin held in 
place by a metal rim secured with clamps. 

Length, 26 inches. Diameter of body, 6 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 31 

1549. TAKACHIHOKIN. Stringed Instrument. Body wood. 
In outline ^he form of a bird. 13 wire strings, fastened at one 
end on the inside, pass through bone eyelets to the upper sur- 
face, where they are carried over 2 bridges to metal tuning pegs 
at opposite side. 

Height, 20 inches. Width, 9J/2 inches. 

Thickness, 2 inches. 

119. BIWA. Balloon Guitar. Body wood, mounted with 
4 silk strings. Played with plectrum. Identical in form with the 
P'-i-p'a of China. (No. 52, C. 2.) 

Length, 30 inches. Width 9 inches, tapering to neck. 

123. BIWA. Balloon Guitar. Similar to preceding, but a 
much older specimen; it is broader at the base and the neck is 
more slender and is bent sharply back at the peg box. There are 
2 sound holes, crescent-shaped, on the face; also a broad band of 
leather just above the tail-piece and 4 frets on the neck. The 
plectrum is of maple. 

Length, 30 inches. Width, 12 inches, tapering to neck. 

133. TONKARI. Stringed Instrument. A long slender 
body of wood, with flat surface and small sound hole in front. 
The short neck embodies a peg-box, and there are five rude pegs 
which pass through it and project on either side. At the head the 
neck broadens out into a flat wooden disc. Strings missing. In- 
strument used by the Ainos. 

Length, 30 inches. Width, 3 inches. 

107. KOKIN. Fiddle. Body, a small cylinder of wood, 
with snake-skin belly. Neck of bamboo with two. large wooden 
pegs inserted near the top. 

Length, 205/2 inches. Diameter of body, 2 inches. 

Length of bow, 22 inches. 

117. GENKWAN, or Schiguene. Stringed Instrument. Oc- 
tagonal body of wood with slender neck, finished with peg box, 
surmounted by a carved ornament. There are 4 conical pegs, 2 
on either side, carrying 4 silk strings, which pass over 12 frets, 
and are fastened to a tail-piece near base of body. Played with 
plectrum. 

Length, ^z inches. Diameter of body, 10^ inches. 
Thickness, i^ inches. 

124. TEIKIN. Fiddle. Body of cocoanut shell, faced with 
wood. The long slender neck is of wood, with peg-box near the 
top, and passing through the body projects on the lower side. 2 



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32 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

silk strings are fastened to this projection and from it are car- 
ried to the pegs at the opposite end. 

Length, 35 inches. Diameter of body, 3j4 inches. 

Length of bow, 25 inches. 

121. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. (Japan?) Body wood, 
resembling the outline of a horseshoe, with flat surface in which 
there are 2 scroll sound holes. The single wire string is fastened 
to the lower part of the body, from which it passes to the head of 
the long slender neck, where it is wound about a small peg. 
Length, 34 inches. Diameter of body, 5 inches. 

CASE 7 A. 

1484. DAIKO. Drum with Sticks, Barrel-shaped shell of 
wood, lacquered black, and decorated with designs in gilt. The 
heads are of skin, similarly decorated, riveted. 
Height, 12 inches. Diameter, 12 inches. 

76. TSURI-DAIKO. Drum, Temple instrument. Cir- 
cular shell of wood with heads of skin, riveted; surface decorated 
with dragons in brilliant coloring. Hung in a frame of richly lac- 
quered wood, finished at the top with the kwa-yen or flame orna- 
ment in metal. 2 sticks with leather-covered knobs. 

Height of stand 25 inches. Diameter of drum, g]^ inches. 
Depth, 3H inches. 

77. TSURI-DAIKO. Drum, Temple instrument. Sim- 
ilar to preceding. 

Height of frame, 47 inches. Diameter of drum, 13 inches. 
Depth, 2% inches. 
2007. GEKKO. Moon Drum. A circular shell of wood with 
heads of skin, riveted. 

Diameter, 8 inches. Depth, 2j^ inches. 

CASE 7. 

106. SAMISEN, or Siamisen. Stringed Instrument, A 
square body of wood with belly and back of cat-skin and a cloth 
guard on one side. The long slender neck of wood has a peg- 
box near the head with 2 pegs on one side and one opposite. The 
3 silk strings are fastened to the lower part of the body, from 
which they are carried over a bridge to the peg-box. Played 
with shell plectrum. 

Length, 39 inches. Diameter of body, 8 inches. 

2005. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. Body wood. Upper 
surface convex, mounted with 20 silk strings, arranged in pairs. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 33 

At one end these are fastened on the under side of the body, from 
which point they are carried to the surface through eyelets; each 
pair then passes over a movable bridge to the opposite end, where 
they are secured to metal keys. 

Length, 2^ inches. Width, 6H inches. 

1992. YO-KIN. Stringed Instrument. Body wood,^ lac- 
quered. Upper surface convex. There are 13 wire strings fas- 
tened at one end to small buttons, from which they are carried 
over 13 movable bridges to opposite end, where they are wound 
about metal pegs and regulated by a wooden key. 

Length, 36 inches. Width, 10 inches. 

1993. GO-GEK-KIN, or Go-kin. Stringed Instrument. Body 
a long flat piece of wood, mounted with 5 silk strings fastened at 
one end on the under side of the body, and at the opposite end 
passing through a wooden bridge and wound around 5 large 
tuning pegs. 

Length, 41 inches. Width, 5/2 inches. 

125. KEIKIN- Fiddle. Cylindrical body of wood with 
snake-skin belly. The slender neck of wood has 4 pegs inserted 
near the head. The 4 silk strings are fastened to the lower part 
of the body, and at a point just below the pegs they are bound 
against the neck with cord. 

Length, 29 inches. Diameter of body, 2 inches. 

Length of bow, 25^/^ inches. 

1995- YAYOI-KOTO. Stringed Instrument, A long, nar- 
row body of wood, with flat surface, mounted with 4 silk strings. 
These are fastened at one end on the under side, from which 
point they pass over 2 bridges, one at either end, and by means 
of 2 holes bored diagonally through the surface, are carried to the 
4 pegs inserted in a circular depression at the opposite end. 
Length, 42 inches. Width, 5 inches. 

1991. SHICHI-GEN-KIN. Stringed Instrument. Body 
wood, lacquered; upper surface slightly convex and mounted with 
7 silk strings. This instrument is identical with the Ch'in, or 
Scholar's Lute, of China. (No. 49, C. 4 a.) 
Length, 49 inches. Width 7^ inches. 

2006. SAN-GEN-DAKIN. Dulcimer. A trapezoidal wood- 
en box mounted with 42 wire strings, which pass over 2 bridges, 
and are fastened on either end to metal pegs. Resembles the 
Yang-ch*in of China. (No 18, C. i.) 

Length, 30 inches. Diameter, 105/2 inches. 



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34 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

1546. HYOKIN, or Yan-kin. Dulcimer. A trapezoidal 
wooden box, lacquered, mounted with 15 wire strings. These are 
fastened at one end on the under side, from which point they 
reach the surface through eyelets, and are then carried over i 
bridges to opposite end, where they pass through metal rings to 
the wooden pegs. 

Width, 12H inches. Length, 13 inches in front, tapering to 
loK inches in the back. 

CASE 8 A. 

88. OTSUZUMI. " The Elder/' or Side Drum. Shell of 
wood, lacquered, shaped like a dumb-bell. The heads are of skin, 
stretched over hoops of larger diameter than the shell, the pro- 
jecting edges laced together with heavy silk cord. Placed under 
the left arm and struck with the fingers of the right hand. 

Height, 11% inches. Diameter of heads, 9 inches. 

75. DO-BYOSHI. Cymbals, A pair of metal discs, 
slightly conical, with edges upturned. Decorated with an em- 
bossed band and a heavy silk cord attached to centre. 
Diameter, 10^ inches. 

1300. BATSU, or Hatsu. Cymbals. A pair of metal discs 
with broad, flat edges and a large boss in centre of each. Very 
old specimen. 

Diameter, 12 inches. 

89. OTSUZUMI. Side Drum. Similar to No. 88. 
Height, ii]/2 inches. Diameter of head, 9 inches. 

81. DORA. Gong. Circular metal gong with embossed 
surface. 

Diameter, 12 inches. 

80. DORA. Gong. Metal. A shallow circular plate with 
a perforated margm. 
Diameter, 11 inches. 

1540. DOBACHI. Gong, with stand. A heavy metal bowl 
with embossed surface. Stand of carved wood lacquered red. 
Height of gong, 9 inches. Diameter, 12 inches. 
Height of stand, 14^ inches. Diameter, 15^ inches. 
Length of stick or beater, 10 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 35 

CASE 8. 

74. DEN-DEN-DAIKO. Fan Drum. A wooden hoop, 
covered with skin, with a short wooden handle. Used by mendi- 
cant priests of the Hokke sect of Buddhists. 
Wooden beater. 
Diameter, 14^ inches. Length of handle, 14 inches. 

loi. KO-TSUZUML '' The Younger/' or Shoulder Drum. 
Similar to the O'tsuzumi (Nos. 88, 89, C. 8 a), but of smaller 
dimensions. Placed on the right shoulder, held in place by the left 
hand and struck with the fingers of the right. 

Height, 10 inches. Diameter of heads, 8 inches. 

102. KO-TSUZUML Shoulder Drum. Similar to No. loi. 
Height, ID inches. Diameter of heads, 8 inches. 

87. TSURI-KANE. Hanging Gong. White metal, with 
heavy silk cord and tassels. Wooden beater with bone or ivory 
knob. 

Diameter of gong, 6 inches. 

135. YATA-KIKANE. Beaten Gong. White metal, with 
wooden mallet. Temple instrument. 

Diameter, s}i inches. Mallet, 11^ inches. 

1474. HYOSHIGL Clappers. Wood. Used in the theatre, 
also by night watchmen. 

Length, 8 inches. Width, i inch. 

72. MOKU-GYO (Wooden Fish). Prayer Gong. A hol- 
low resonant body of wood, lacquered red, with a longitudinal 
opening on one side and a heavily carved handle on the other. 
Wooden beater with large knob covered with chamois. 
Height, 14 inches. Width, 12 inches. 

91. KEI, or Hokyo. Temple Gong. A plate of metal with 
embossed ornament, suspended by silk cord and tassels in a wood- 
en frame. Placed at tne side of the altar. Beater, a hard- 
knobbed stick. 

Width of gong, 8 inches. 

1477. HYOSHIGL Clappers. Wood. 
Length, 6 inches. Width, i inch. 

2087. MOKU-GYO (Wooden Fish). Prayer Gong. Sim- 
ilar to No. 72. 

Height, 10 inches. Diameter, 7 inches. 



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36 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

99. GONG AND STAND. Japanese figure carrying a 
metal gong and mallet. 

Height of figure, 20 inches. Diameter of gong, 6 inches. 

83. FURI-TSUZUMI, or Toko. Shaking Drum, Two 
small wooden cylinders placed one above the other with a wooden 
handle passing through both, which is finished with a ball on the 
top. The heads are of skin, and the entire surface of the cylin- 
ders is decorated in color and gilt, the edges ornamented with 
gilt spikes. The heads of the cylinders are struck by the small 
bells suspended from the sides when the handle is twirled between 
the palms of the hands. Similar to the Tao Kou of China (No. 
1699, C. 4). 

Height, 14 inches. Diameter of cylinders, 214 inches, 3J4 
inches. 
100. SHOKO. Gong and Stand. Circular metal gong sus- 
pended by silk cord in frame of lacquered wood. Two hard- 
knobbed wooden beaters. 

Height of stand, S4l4 inches. Diameter of gong, 7 inches. 

Length of sticks, 16J/2 inches. 

1481. FURI-TSUZUMI, or Toko. Shaking Drum. Similar 
to No. 83. 

Height, 16 inches. Diameter of cylinders, 5 inches. 

1 5 10. GONG AND STAND. Circular metal gong sus- 
pended in a metal rim fastened to a wooden standard. 
Height, 27 inches. Diameter of gong, 9 inches. 
1446. GONG AND STAND. Circular metal gong sus- 
pended in metal rim supported by a bronze stand representing 
figure on horseback. 

Height, 24 inches. Diameter of gong, 13 inches. 

73. MOKU-GYO (Wooden Fish). Prayer Gong. Sim- 
ilar to No. 72. 

Height, 9 inches. . Width, 7 inches. 

CASE 9 A. 

2009. KAGAMI DORA. Mirror Gong. Metal. Circular. 

Diameter, 9 inches. 
2008. KAGAMI DORA. Mirror Gong. Metal. Circular. 

Diameter, 9 inches. 
2018. UMPAN. Gong. A bronze plate with irregular edges 
having a deep incision on either side curving in toward the centre. 

Diameter, 24 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 37 

2316. BATSU, or Hatsu. Cymbals, Metal. 
Diameter, 12 inches. 

2017. GONG AND STAND. A circular bronze gong with 
embossed ornaments, suspended from a bar of wood supported on 
the shoulders of two grotesque figures. 

Height of figures, 32 inches. Diameter of gong, 21 inches. 

CASE 9. 

1553. SEK-KEI, or Hokyo. Gong. A slab of stone, angu- 
lar in shape and ornamented with carving, suspended in a wooden 
frame. Similar to No. 91, C. 8. 

Width of gong, 2^ inches. Mallet, 10 inches. 

134. HANTEKI. Gong. Wood. Carved to represent a 
fish holding a ball in its open mouth. 

Length, 13 inches. Width, 4^/^ inches. 
Length of beater, 8J^ inches. 

1758. GONG AND STAND. A small gilt stand supporting 
a bowl of white metal resting on a silk cushion. Small wooden 
beater. 

Diameter of gong, 4 inches. 

171 1. HANTEKI. Gong. Similar to No. 134. 
Length, 24 inches. Width, 8 inches. 
Length of beater, 19 inches. 

2020. HOKEI. Old Temple Drum. Circular shell of wood, 
with heads of skin, riveted, suspended in a square wooden frame 
of four uprights supporting a peaked roof. The entire surface 
of the drum is decorated in color with designs in which birds 
(probably the phenix, an emblem of immortality) figure prom- 
inently. 

Height of stand, 35 inches. Width, 29 inches. 

Diameter of cylinder, 20 inches. Depth, 6 inches. 

2000. WANIGUCHL Shark's Mouth Gong. A hollow, 
resonant body of metal, circular in shape and rather flat. On the 
upper edge are 2 rings, and just below, on either side, a small 
tubular projection open at the end. The flat surface has an 
embossed ornament in the centre. These gongs are made in 
various sizes, and the larger ones, hung at the entrance of shrines, 
have a rope suspended in front, which serves as beater. 
Diameter, 35^ inches. 



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38 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

85. WANIGUCHI. Shark's Mouth Gong, Similar to 
preceding. 

Diameter, 5 inches. 

2019. GONGS AND STAND. Two small metal gongs sus- 
pended from a bar carried on the shoulder of a bronze figure of a 
native. 

Diameter of gongs, 4 inches. 

1804. CHINCHICHI. Chanting Bell. A circular brass gong 
hung against a panel of the same. Wooden beater with chamois- 
skin head. Used by mendicant priests. 

Diameter of gong, 4 inches. Length of panel, 9 inches. 

CASE 10 A. 

1619. BELL. Temple Bell. Bronze. The exterior surface 
of the barrel is divided, by intersecting lines, into four panels. 
In the upper half of each of these are 9 corrugated knobs, and 
the body is surmounted by an arched handle, or "ear," orna- 
mented with a grotesque head on either side. A disc on one side 
of the barrel, near the edge, marks the point on the surface where 
the bell is struck. The inscriptions on the panel read as fol- 
lows: "Made in the reign of Emperor An Sei (1854-1859) for the 
Sa Len Chu (temple) at Ching Quong San (mountain)." 
Height, 14J4 inches. Diameter, 8^/2 inches. 

1803. BELL. Temple Bell Similar in form to preceding, 
but of more elaborate design and workmanship. The handle sup- 
ports a bronze bird, with wings extended, warding oflF the attack 
of a dragon coiled about the barrel. 

Height, 25 inches. Diameter, 11 inches. 

1681. BELL. Temple Bell Similar to No. 1619, but of 
larger proportions, and having 16 knobs on each panel. The 
inscriptions read as follows: "Made in the fifth year of the reign 
of Emperor An Jei (1772-1780) at Quong Lei Chung, by Yick 
Yuen, Wing Ching. Used in the Hun Jock Chu (temple), at 
Long Quong San (mountain)." 

Height, 27 inches. Diameter, 15 inches. 

1556. BELL. Temple Bell Similar to No. 1619. 
Height, 19^ inches. Diameter, 10 inches. 

CASE 10. 
1520. BELL. Pottery. 

Height, 7 inches. Diameter, 3 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 39 

I20. SU-D'ZU. BelL Brass. Globular, in form resem- 
bling an ordinary sleigh bell. Used by the Shintos; a religious 
sect. 

Diameter, $% inches. 

20 1 o. KEI. Gong. A plate of bronze of irregular shape, 
ornamented with figures in low relief. Knobbed beater. 
Diameter, 6 inches. Width, 5 inches. 

2003. BELL. Bronze. Similar to No. 1619, C. 10 a. Wood- 
en hammer. 

Height, 15 inches. Diameter, 7 inches. 

1818. SU-D^ZU. Bell. Brass. Similar to No. 120. 
Diameter, 6 inches. 

1999. E'SUZU, or Waniguchi Bell. A bronze bell with 
straight handle and globular head ornamented with silk cord and 
tassel. 

Length, 8 inches. Diameter of bell, 2.V2 inches. 

1759. E'SUZU. Similar to No. 1999. 

Length, 8 inches. Diameter of bell, 2j/^ inches. 

138. BELL. Metal. Globular. 
Diameter, 2>^ inches. 

2011. JINDAI SUZU. Harness Bell. An oval metal bell 
with chased surface, having a small ring at the top to which is 
attached a smaller bell. 

Dimensions, 3 inches by 214 inches. 

82. NICKO SHO. Pair of Gongs. Two circular metal 
gongs suspended in wooden frame with handle. Beater, a wooden 
prong tipped with bone. 

Diameter of gong, 3 inches. Height of frame, 12 inches. 

Width, 8^ inches. Length of beater, 12 inches. 

1802. BELL. Bronze. Body ornamented with characters 
in low relief and flaring in graceful curves at the lower edge. A 
small dragon, with back arched, forms the handle. Wooden beat- 
er covered with chamois-skin. Used by mendicant priests. 
Height, 9 inches. Diameter, 7 inches. 

2002. DOTEKU. BelL Bronze. Antique. Wooden mal- 
let. 

Height, 18 inches. Width, 81^ inches. 



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40 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

1962. SU-D*ZU. Bell Brass. Similar to No. 120. 

Diameter, 7}^ inches. 
2498. HANSHO. Bell. Bronze. Used in tea rooms in the 

Middle Ages. 

Height, 8 inches. Diameter, 4^ inches. 
1 82 1. KEI. Gong. A narrow plate of bronze of irregular 
shape, ornamented with a floral design in low relief, and silk 
cord and tassels. Wooden beater tipped with bone. 
Dimensions, 4^ inches by yH inches. 

1479. BELL. Bronze hand bell. 

Height, 7 inches. Diameter of bell, 3 inches. 
1997. BELL. Bronze hand bell with body ornamented with 
figures in relief. 

Height, 7 inches. Diameter of bell, 2^ inches. 

137. BELL. Bronze. Similar to No. 1479. 
Height, 7 inches. Diameter of bell, 3 inches. 

1240. BELL. Bronze. Similar to No. 1997, but of much 
more elaborate design. 

Height, 6^ inches. Diameter of bell, 2 inches. 

1819. BELL. Bronze. Similar to No. 1479. 
Height, sH inches. Diameter, 2j^ inches. 

1241. BELL. Bronze. 

Height, 3 inches. Diameter, 3 inches. 

86. DOBACHL Gong. A metal bowl with embossed 
surface. Wooaen beater covered with chamois-skin. 
Diameter, 8 inches. 

2015. FURIN. Wind Bells. Set of four. Thin metal bells 
with scalloped edges and a leaf-like ornament fastened to the 
clapper. These bells are hung on the eaves of pagodas. 
Height, i^ inches. Diameter, i]/i inches. 

1480. KAGURA SUZU. Temple Instrument. A handle of 
wood, lacquered, having two wire hoops at one end on which are 
hung a number of small globular bells. Also used in the 
orchestra. 

Length, 12 inches. 

2012. EKIREL Harness Bell. A hollow metal ring formed 
of 2 concave sections joined at the edges. 
Diameter, i^ inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 41 

2014. EKIREI. Harness Bell. Similar to preceding. 
Diameter, 2 inches. 

2013. EKIREI. Harness Bell. Similar to No. 2012. 
Diameter, 2% inches. 

245. EKIREI. Harness Bell. Similar to preceding. 
Diameter, 4 inches. 

2275. TARGET DRUM. An oblong frame of wood with 
skin stretched over both sides, decorated in color and mounted on 
a wooden standard. 

Height, 27J/2 inches. Width, 8^ inches. 

78. KAJIREI. Time Marker. Three rings, similar to the 
Ekirei (No. 2012), strung on a bent wire, the ends of which are 
fastened to a wooden handle. 

Length of handle, 35/2 inches. Diameter of rings, 2 to 2>^ 
inches. 

79. ZICHIREL Similar to preceding, except that there 
are 6 small globular bells instead of the rings. Used in giving the 
alarm of fire. 

Handle, 3J^ inches. Diameter of bells, ^ inch. 

94. KAGURA SUZU. Temple Instrument. Similar to No. 
1480. Also used in the orchestra. 
Length, 12 inches. 

1998. JINDAI SUZU. Harness Bells. Antique. A narrow 
piece of metal with 2 small bells on either side. Surface cor- 
roded and edp^es worn away. 

Height, 5 inches. Width, 3^/^ inches. 

136. SHAKUGIO. Sistrum. A wooden handle with a 
ring at one end on which 6 other metal rings are hung. 
Length, 11 inches. 

CASE II. 

*i8i7. RAPPAKAI, or Horanokai or Horagai. Conch Shell 
Trumpet. 

Height, II inches. Width, 6 inches. 

93. RAPPAKAI. Conch Shell Trumpet. Carried in a re- 
ceptacle of netted cord. 

Height, 15 inches. Width, 6 inches. 



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42 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

84. SCHOSCHI, or Seouno-fuye. Pan Pipes. 12 wooden 
pipes, lacquered, strung together with silk cord finished with a 
tassel. 

Length of longest tube, 5^ inches; shortest, 3 inches. 

1551. RITCHUKU. Pan Pipes. 12 pipes similar to preced- 
ing. 

Length of longest tube, 6 inches; shortest, 3 inches. 

115. MOKKINE. Xylophone. A deep box of hard wood, 
across the open top of which 16 transverse bars of wood are laid. 
Two wooden beaters. 

Length of box, 21 inches. Width, gl4 inches. 

Metal bars, 8 inches to iij/^ inches. 

95. SONA RAPPA, or Dosa. Trumpet. Copper, orna- 
mented with heavy cord and tassels. Used by candy venders. 
Length, 17^ inches. Diameter of bell, 4^ inches. 

2274. HO-SHO. Phenix Flute. Transverse flute of wood, 
lacquered black and ornamented with carved head of a phenix. 
6 hole§. 

2273. RIU-TEKL Dragon Flute. Similar to preceding. 
Ornamented with the head of a dragon. 6 holes. 

1552. SCHOSCHI-BOUIE, or Jinniritsi. Pan Pipes. Sim- 
ilar to No. 1551, except that each pipe is fitted with a free reed. 

Length of longest tube, 7 inches; shortest, 45^ inches. 

139. TEKKIN. Harmonicon. An oblong wooden box 
supporting on its upper surface two rows of metal bars — some of 
which are missing. Wooden beater. 

Length of box, 12 inches. Width, 6 inches. 
Metal bars, 3J/2 inches to 4^2 inches. 
129. MOKURL Jews'-harp. A strip of bamboo with a 
narrow tongue cut in the centre. Used among the Ainos. 
Length, 4 inches. Width, ^ inch. 

1508. WIND INSTRUMENT. An oblong body of hard 
wood, carved, with mouthpiece in the centre of one side. Used 
among the Ainos. 

Length, 6 inches. Width, i^ inches. 

1545. SCHOSCHI. Pan Pipes. 6 bamboo pipes, lacquered 
red. 

Length of longest tube, 2>^ inches; shortest, ij^ inches. 

65. OSOBUKI. Whistle. Bamboo. 
Height, 2j^ inches. Diameter, J/^ inch. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 43 

1547. SHO, or Shonofuye. Mouth Organ, ' (Reproduction.) 
12 bamboo pipes inserted in a flat wooden case, their ends pro- 
jecting on either side. The case is ornamented in red, white and 
gold, and a bird (probably the phenix) figures prominently in the 
decoration. 

Longest tube, iiH inches; shortest, gyz inches. 

98. SHO. Mouth Organ. Identical with the Chinese 
"Cheng." (Nos. 96, 97, Case 3.) 

Height, 20 inches. Diameter of gourd, 3 inches. 

200T. CHARUMERA. Oboe, A conical tube of wood, hav- 
ing 7 holes in front and i on the back, terminating in a brass 
bell. Similar to the Heang-teih of China. (No. 20, C. i.) 
Length, 10 inches. Diameter of bell, 3 inches. 

583. JINDAI RAPPA. Earthenware Trumpet. A globular 
body of gray earthenware, with flaring edges, and having a hole 
in one side. A rare example of the antique pottery trumpets said 
to antedate the Rappakai or conch shell trumpet. 
Diameter, 5^ inches. Height, s% inches. 

1994. MAMBAN-TETSU-NO-FUYE. Vertical Flute, Iron. 
5 finger holes in front, i on back. 
Length, 30 inches. 

2004. SEITBKI. Transverse Flute. Bamboo, tipped with 
ivory. 8 finger holes, one covered with paper. 
Length, 25 inches. 

103. FUYE. Vertical Flute, Bamboo, tipped with ivory. 
5 finger holes in front, i on back. 
Length, 24H inches. 

126. SHAKUHACHI,. or Siakuhachi. Vertical Flute. 
Bamboo, with a transverse cut on one side of the upper end 
forming a lip against which the breath of the player is directed. 
Interesting as illustrating a stage in the development of the 
flageolet. An ancient instrument said to be very difficult to play. 
4 finger holes in front, i on back. 

Length, 22 inches. 

1502. YOKO-FUYE. Transverse or ''Side blowing" Flute. 
Wood. 7 finger holes. Length, 175^ inches. 

127. NO-KAN. Transverse Flute. Bamboo. 7 finger 
holes. 

Length, 16^ inches. 



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44 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

1996. NO-KAN. Transverse Flute, Iron. 7 finger holes. 

Length, 155^ inches. 
*I28. YOKO-FUYE. Transverse or '' Side bloming " Flute. 

Bamboo. 7 finger holes. Length, 15^^ inches. 
1503. YOKO-FUYE. Transverse or ''Side blowing" Flute. 
Bamboo. 6 finger holes. Length 15^ inches. 
131. HITOYOKIRI, or Hitoegiri. Vertical Flute. Bam- 
boo. 4 finger holes in front, i on back. Similar to the Shaku- 
bachi, No. 126. 

Length, 13 inches. 

130. HITOYOKIRI, or Hitoegiri. Vertical Flute. Similar 
to preceding. 

Length, 13 inches. 

1459. OSOBUKI. Whistle. Metal. 6 finger holes. 

Length, 113^ inches. 
1476. FUYE. Vertical Flute. Bamboo. 3 holes in front, i 
on back. 

Length, 11 inches. 

1475. AMMA-NO-FUYE. Double Whistle. Bamboo. 
Length, 8J/2 inches. 
104. HICHI-RIKI, or Shichiriki. Reed Instrument. Bam- 
boo. 7 finger holes in front, 2 on back. Reed mfssing. 
Length, 7 inches. 

*I32. HICHI-RIKI, or Shichiriki. Reed Instrument. Sim- 
ilar to preceding. 
Length, 7 inches. 

1550. AMMA-NO-FUYE. Double Whistle. Bamboo. 

Length, 6H inches. 
1394. TUTATSU-BIOSHI. Double Whistle. Bamboo. 

Length, 5 inches. 

66. OSOBUKI. Whistle. Bamboo 
Length, 4^ inches. 

COREA, 

CASE 1 1 A. 

144. T'OUNGSYE. Vertical Flute. Bamboo. 5 finger 
holes in front and i on the back. 
Length, 17^ inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 45 

145. T'OUNGSYE. Vertical Flute. Similar to preceding. 
Length, 15H inches. 

142. HAGGUM. Fiddle. A cylindrical body of wood, 
lacquered, with slender neck of bamboo, near the head of which 2 
knobbed pegs are inserted. 2 silk strings are fastened to the 
lower part of the body by a metal ornament. Similar to the 
Erh h'sien of China (No. 44, C. 2), and played in the same way. 

Length, 26 inches. Diameter of body, 3 inches. 
Length of bow, 25 inches. 

2109. TEMPLE RATTLE. A white metal disc, inscribed 
with Corean characters surmounting a straight handle. 8 chains 
are fastened to the edge of the disc, each finished with a coin. 

Length, 7^ inches. Diameter of disc, 2]^ inches. 
141. CHANG-GON. Drum. Shell of wood, lacquered 
black, shaped like a dumb-bell. The heads are of skin, stretched 
over hoops of larger diameter than the shell, and the projecting 
edges are laced together with heavy cord, the tension regulated 
by ornamental slides. One end is beaten with the fingers, the op- 
posite end with a stick. 

Height, 26 inches. Diameter, 18 inches. 

147. NALLARI. Oboe. Conical tube of wood with 7 holes 
in front and i on back, finished with a metal bell. Similar to the 
Heanng-teih of China (No. 20, C. i). 
Length, 15 inches. 

146. SAIHWANG. Mouth Organ. 14 bamboo pipes in- 
serted in a gourd with mouthpiece on side. Similar to the Chi- 
nese Cheng (Nos. 96 and 97, C. 3), and Japanese Sho (No. 98, 
C. II). 

Height, 12 inches. Diameter of gourd, 2^ inches. 

1242. PANG KIANG. Wind Bell. Body of metal, having 
a fish, cut from a thin sheet of brass, fastened to the clapper. 
Height, 3 inches. Diameter, 1J/2 inches. 

143. KOMOUNKO. Stringed Instrument. Body of wood, 
similar in form to the Japanese koto. 6 silk strings, fastened at 
one end to the interior and at the opposite end to cords, are car- 
ried over the edges and wound about the body. The 2 middle 
strings pass over 16 frets of thin strips of wood, which increase in 
height as they near the centre of the body. The 2 remaining 
strings on either side pass over 2 movable bridges. Played with 
a plectrum. 

Length, 58 inches. Width, 7 inches. 



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46 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

148. YANG GUM. Dulcimer, A trapezoidal box of wood, 
mounted with 14 wire strings. Similar to the Chinese Yang-Qi'in 
(Nos. 16, 17, 18, 19 C. i). Played with two strips of bamboo. 
Length, 26 inches. Width, 8 inches. 

SIAH. 

CASE 12 A. 

265. KLONG PONG PING. Drum. Body of wood, 
small in the centre and widening at the ends. The head of skin is 
held in place by strips of same carried from its edge to centre of 
the body. 

Height, 39 inches. Diameter of head, 8 inches. 

296. SONG NAH. Drum. Cylindrical shell of wood with 
head of skin, braced on sides with strips of same. 
Height, 29 inches. Diameter, 8 inches. 

276. KLONG KHEK. Drum. Cylindrical shell of wood 
with heads of skin held in place by hoops laced together on sides 
with strips of bark. 

Height, 26 inches. Diameter, iij^ inches. 

CASE 12. 

280. RUMANA. Drum. Circular shell of wood with head 
of skin, riveted. 

Diameter, 8 inches. 

293. TA'KHAY. Crocodile Harp. Body of wood mounted 
with 2 silk and i wire strings, which are fastened at one end to 
the body, from wh.ch point they pass over 9 wooden frets to a high 
bridge at opposite end, and are then carried to the interior and 
wound about pegs that project through the sides of the instru- 
ment. 

Length, 50H inches. Depth, sH inches. 

288. PIN. Lute. Body of wood with a slender neck fin- 
ished with a carved head surmounting a peg box in which 5 pegs 
are inserted. Mounted with 4 wire strings. 

Length, 42 inches. Width of body, 4^^ inches. 

300. SAW TAI. Fiddle. Body pear-shaped, supported by 
a spiked foot. The back is of gourd faced with skin and mounted 
with 3 silk strings. The slender neck of ivory is richly ornamented 
with pearl and has 3 knobbed pegs near the head. 

Length, 46 inches. Diameter of body, 6j^ inches. 

Length of bow, 28 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 47 

1793. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. Circular body of 
wt)od with belly of skin. Neck of wood finished with a peg box 
having 2 wooden pegs in either side. Strings missing. From 
Laos. 

Length, 28 inches. Diameter, 8H inches. 

1527. KRA CHAPEE. Siamese Guitar. Circular wooden 
body and long slender neck with peg box in end. 3 wooden pegs. 
Strings missing. Played with a small piece of horn. 
Length, 59H inches. Diameter, 14 inches. 

299. SUNG. Moon Guitar. Circular wooden body with 
short neck, surmounted by a carved head. 4 wooden pegs, 2 on 
either side, between which the neck is encircled with 2 cloth rings. 
4 silk strings. Similar to the Chinese Yueh-ch'in, or Moon 
Guitar (No. 53, C 2). 

Length, 29 inches. Diameter of face, 13^ inches. 

289. PECAH. Stringed Instrument, A narrow strip of 
wood fastened near one end to a cocoanut shell and tapering 
toward the opposite end, where it is finished with a curved metal 
ornament, to which 2 wire strings are fastened. 2 pegs secure the 
strings at a point in the neck over the shell. 
Length, 36 inches. 

298. SEE SAW DUANG. Fiddle, Cylindrical body of 
ivory, with belly of skin held in place by a metal rim. The neck is 
of wood, finished with a curved head of ivory, in which 2 pegs 
are inserted. 2 rings of cloth encircle the neck between the pegs. 
2 silk strings. 

Length, 26]4 inches. Diameter of body, 3 inches. 

Length of bow, 26y2 inches. 

287. SEE-SAW-OO. Fiddle, Body of cocoanut shell, 
faced with wood. Neck of wood, encircled with 2 cloth rings be- 
tween the 2 wooden pegs inserted near its head. 2 strings of 
twine. 

Length, 29^ inches. Diameter of body, 4 inches. 

Length of bow, 26 inches. 

1569. SEE-SAW-OO. Fiddle. Similar to preceding, but 
without the cloth rings. 2 strings of twine. 

Length, 29^/^ inches. Diameter of body, 4 inches. Length of 
bow, 26 inches. 



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48 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

CASE 13 A. 

282. KLONG YAI. Drums. 3 in set. Cylindrical shells 
of wood with heads of skin, riveted. 

Height, 12H inches. Diameter, 18^ inches. 
Height, I2j/^ inches. Diameter, 7^ inches. 
Height, yyi inches. Diameter, 7J4 inches. 

277. KLONG KHEK. Drum. Cylindrical shell of wood, 
decorated with a design in gilt. Heads of skin, held in place by 
hoops braced on sides with strips of bark. 
Height, 20 inches. Diameter, 12 inches. 

297. KLONG TA ROTI POTE. Drum. Shell of wood, 
supported at either end by a frame. Heads of skin laced together 
with strip of same. 

Height, 25^ inches. Diameter, 17 inches, tapering to 13 
inches. 

279. THONE. Drum. Hand drum resembling the Dara- 
boukkeh of Syria. Neck of tin, expanding into a globular body 
of wood. The head is of skin and is fastened to the body by a net- 
work of wire. 

Height, II inches. 

CASE 13. 

1 781. BELL. Metal. Used on leader of a train of oxen 
Hung in wooden frame over the pack. 

Height, 6 inches. • Width, 4 inches. 

1782. BELL. Metal. Hung in wooden frame. Used on 
next to leader in a train of oxen. (See No. 1781.) 

Height, 6 inches. Width, 4 inches. 

1792. BELL. Metal. Hung in wooden frame. Used to 
call the priests together for prayers. When in. use the accompany- 
ing cloth, on which the Sacred Law is written, is spread under 
the bell. 

Height of bell, 8 inches. Diameter, Sli inches. 

Height of frame, 21 J^ inches. Width, 17 inches. 

1785. BELL. Ox Bell. Metal. Attached to collar. 
Height, 3^2 inches. Diameter, 2 inches. 

1787. BELL. Dog Bell. Metal. Attached to collar. 
Diameter, 2 inches. 

1784. BELL. Cow Bell. Metal. Attached to collar. 
Height, 5 inches. Diameter, 2^ inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 49 

1791. BELL. Cow Bell Bamboo. Hung in wooden yoke. 

Height, 7J4 inches. Diameter, 2j4 inches. 
1753. BELL PULLEY. Wood. Used for lanterns in Tem- 
ple Grounds. 

Height, 26 inches. Width of cross-bar, 21 inches. 

1790. BELL. Elephant Bell. Wood. Hung in a wooden 
yoke. 

Height, 6H inches. Diameter, 3^4 inches. 

1789. BELL. Buifalo Bell Wood. 

Height, 3^ inches. Width, 8 inches. 
1788. BELL. Elephant Bell Metal. 

Height, 5 inches. Diameter, ij^ inches. 
1724. KRAP PUANG. Castanets, Wood and metal. 4 
strips of metal fastened between 2 of wood. Strung together 
with a cord. 

Length, 8H inches. Width, lYz inches. 
1786. BELL. Cozv Bell This form of bell is no longer in 
common use and is rarely seen. Metal. 

Height, 2% inches. Width, 3^ inches. 

1783. DRUM. Bamboo. Wooden beater. Used by night 
watchmen. 

Length, 20 inches. Diameter, 35^ inches. 

521. PHAN. Mouth Organ. A small cylindrical body of 
wood, in which 5 tubes are inserted, projecting on either side. 
Length, 27% inches. Diameter of tubes, % to i inch. 

CASE 14 A. 

256. GONG. Metal. Embossed. Wooden beater. 
Diameter, 11 inches. Length of beater, 11 inches. 

266. GONG. Metal. Wooden beater. 

Diameter, 14 inches. Length of beater, 5^ inches. 
255. GONG. Metal. Embossed. Wooden beater. 

Diameter, 12 inches. Length of stick, 8 inches. 

257. GONG. Metal. Embossed. Wooden beater. 
Diameter, 8 inches. Length of beater, 7 inches. 

254. GONG. Metal. Embossed. Wooden beater. 
Diameter, 19 inches. Length of beater, 9 inches. 

258. GONG. Metal. Embossed. Wooden beater. 
Diameter, 7 inches. Length of beater, 10 inches. 



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50 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

260. GONG. Metal. Embossed. Wooden beater. 
Diameter, 5^ inches. Length of beater, 5 inches. 

261. GONG. Metal. Embossed. Wooden beater. 
Diameter, 5 inches. Length of beater, 8 inches. 

273. LA KANG. Gong. A triangular plate of metal with 
curved edges. 

Diameter, 7^ inches. 

274. CHARP. Cymbals. 2 brass discs with broad flat 
edges and boss in centre. 

Diameter, loH inches. 

281. CHING. Cymbals. 2 small brass discs with flat edges 
and conical centres. 

Diameter, 3J4 inches. 

303. RANAT EK. Xylophone. A frame of hard wood 
shaped like a boat — supporting 21 strips of wood laid side by side. 
2 wooden beaters with knobs. 

Length, 48 inches. Length of bars, 15 inches to 8 inches. 
Width, i^ inches. 

CASE 14. 

301. RANAT EK. Xylophone. Similar to preceding, but 
of smaller dimensions. Decorated in black and gold. 2 wooden 
beaters with knobs. 

Length, 21 J/^ inches. Length of bars, 8 inches. 

241. PHAN. Mouth Organ, The body consists of a hollow 
piece of wood in which 14 bamboo pipes, varying in length, are 
inserted and project at either end. The pipes are furnished with 
free reeds, as in the Cheng of China (No. 96, C. 3). The mouth- 
piece is at the side. 

Longest pipe, 70 inches; shortest, 50H inches. 

219. WIND INSTRUMENT. A set of 3 bamboo pipes, 
varying in length, each fitted with a tongue of metal, vibrating as 
a free reed. 6 holes in the longest pipe, 7 in each of the others. 
Length, 48 inches, 33 inches, 2354 inches. 

227. KLUI. Vertical Flute. 7 finger holes in front, 2 on 
the side. 

Length, I2j^ inches. 

1471. YANG*ONG. Jews' -harp. Bamboo. 
Length, 29 inches. Width, )4 inch. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 51 

199. NO. Oboe. A conical tube of wood, with 7 finger 
holes in front and i on the back, terminating in a metal bell. 
Double reed mouthpiece. Similar to the Heang-teih of China 
(No. 20, C. I). 

Length, 18 inches. 
1570. PEECHAWAR. Oboe. A conical tube of ivory, ex- . 
panding into a bell at the lower end. 7 finger holes. Reed, 
missing. 

Length, 8 inches. 
1304. PEE. Oboe. A tube of wood, slightly bulging at the 
centre and flaring at either end. 6 finger holes. Reed missing. 
Length, 16 inches. Diameter, ij^ inches. 

*2gi. HEEM. Mouth Organ. 5 bamboo pipes inserted in a 
gourd. 

Longest pipe, 9 inches; shortest, 3H inches. 
Diameter of gourd, 316 inches. Total height, 12 inches. 
1826. PEECHAWAR. Oboe. Wood. 7 finger holes. Sim- 
ilar to No. 1570. 

Length, 15 inches. 
285. KOY. Horn. Ornamented with incised lines. 

Length, 10 inches. Diameter, 2 inches, tapering to mouth- 
piece. 

BURMAH. 

CASE 14. 

244. PAN PIPES. Bamboo. 11 pipes. This instrument 
is now seldom found except in heathen villages. It was formerly 
in common use among the Karens, a native race of Burmah. 
Longest pipe, 19 inches; shortest, sH inches. 
*243. MOUTH ORGAN. Bamboo. Similar to the Phan of 
Siam, No. '241. 

Longest pipe, 40H inches; shortest, 295/^ inches. 
220. FLUTE. Bamboo. One square hole near the centre 
of the tube. Used by the Karens. 
Length, 27^ inches. 
223. PULOAY. Flageolet. A wooden tube with 7 finger 

holes. 

Length, 13^ inches. 

262. WAHLE KHOHT. Clappers. Bamboo. A tube 
of bamboo, with the sides cut away from the centre to within 4 
inches of the bottom, leaving 2 narrow strips. The upper half of 



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53 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

the tube is split open, producing an instrument resembling a pair 
of tongs. 

Length, 2f> inches. 

1382. WAHLE KHOHT. Clappers. Similar to preceding. 
Length, 27 inches. 
290. HEEM. Mouth Organ. 10 bamboo pipes bound to- 
gether with twine and inserted in a gourd. Similar to No. 291. 
Longest pipe, 22 inches; shortest, 5 inches. 

1752. HORN. Carved ivory. 

Length, 12 inches. Diameter, 3 inches, tapering to mouth- 
piece. 

234. WAR HORN. 

Length, loj^ inches. Diameter, 3 inches, tapering to mouth- 
piece. 

235. WAR HORN. 

Length, yy^ inches. Diameter, 2 inches, tapering to mouth- 
piece. 

CASE 15 A. 

275. GONGS. Three heavy gongs, resembling covered 
kettles, with knobs on the top, supported by a low wooden stand 
or framework. 

Height of gongs, 10^ inches. Diameter, 14 inches to loj^ 

inches. Total length of frame, 54 inches. 

2105. DRUM. Shell of wood with heads of skin braced on 
sides with strips of same. 

Height, 17J/2 inches. Diameter, 9>4 inches by 8 inches. 

253. GONG. Metal, embossed. Wooden beater with knob. 
Diameter, 20 inches. 

2106. DRUM. Similar to No. 2105. 
Height, 175^ inches. Diameter, 9^^ inches. 

238. THAN-HWIN. Cymbals. 2 metal discs with flat 
edges and a large boss in centre. 
Diameter, 45^ inches. 

302. PATTALA. Xylophone. Similar to the Ranat Ek of 
Siam. (No. 303, C. 14 a.) 
Length, 35 inches. 

1842. BELL GIRDLE. A strap of small bells with cymbal 
attached. 

Diameter of cymbal, 3 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 53 

CASE 15. 
197. HNAI. Oboe. A conical tube of wood with 7 holes in 
front and i on back, terminating in a large brass bell. Double 
reed of palm-leaf. Resembles the Heang-teih of China. (No. 
20, C. I.) 

Length, 19^ inches. 

1464. GONG. A circular metal gong, embossed, decorated 
in black and gold, suspended from a cross-bar, supported by 2 
elaborately carved figures. Wooden beater, head covered with 
chamois skin. 

Diameter of gong, 11 inches. Height of stand, 21 inches. 

2104. HNAI. Oboe. Similar to No. 197. 

Length, 25% inches. Diameter of bell, 8 inches. 

2328. KYEE-ZEE. Gong. A triangular plate of metal with 
curved edges. Identical with the La Kang of Siam. (No. 273, 
C. 14 A.) 

Diameter, 4 inches. 

1750. KHEW. Wind Bell. Body of metal, having a leaf, 
cut from a thin sheet of brass, attached to the clapper. Similar 
to the Pang Kiang of Corea. (No. 1242, C. 11 a.) 

Height, 2j4 inches. Diameter, 1% inches. 

1749. KHEW. Wind Bell. Similar to preceding. 
Height, 5^ inches. Diameter, 2^4 inches. 

2108. THRO, or Tarau. Violin. Body of wood, lacquered 
black, ornamented with spangles. 3 long pegs inserted in peg box 
near head of neck, carrying 3 strings of ordinary twine. 
Length, 30 inches. Bow, 20 inches. 

1747. THRO, or Tarau. Violin. Similar to preceding, but 
of finer finish. Mounted with 3 silk strings. 

Length, 30 inches. Bow, 18 inches. 

1663. BELL. Hand Bell. Metal. 

Height, yYz inches. Diameter of bell, 4 inches. 

1751. KHEW. Wind Bell. Similar to No. 1750. 
Height, 2}4 inches. Diameter, i]4 inches. 

1748. KHEW. Wind Bell. Similar to preceding. 

Height, 3]/2 inches. Diameter, 2^ inches. * 

1665. BELL. Metal. Similar in shape to the Khew. 
Height, 2^ inches. Diameter, i^ inches. 



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54 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

1664. BELL. Metal. Similar to preceding. 

Height, 3 inches. Diameter, 2% inches. 
1466. BELL. Metal, hung in a heavy yoke wrought in dra- 
gons and grotesque figures. 

Total height, 27 inches. Diameter of bell, 15H inches. 

1667. BELL. Metal, attached to a chain composed of sym- 
bolic ornaments of elaborate workmanship. 
Diameter of bell, 5 inches. 

2107. FLAGEOLET. Metal. 8 finger holes in front, i on 
the back. 

Length, 12 inches. 

CASE 16 A. 

2102. PATTALA. Xylophone, Similar to No. 302, C. 15 a. 
This instrument has 24 bars of wood. 

Length of body, 38 inches. Longest bar, 163/2 inches. Short- 
est, 8j/^ inches. 

268. YA-GWIN. Cymbals. Two metal discs with flat 
edges and large boss in centre. 
Diameter, 10^2 inches.' 

251. OZEE. Drum. Shell of wood, shaped like a goblet. 
Head of skin, braced on sides with strips of same fastened to a 
slender hoop at base of bowl. Shell decorated in black and red. 
Height, 22 inches. Diameter, 8 inches. 

2103. OZEE. Drum. Similar to preceding. 
Height, 26V^ inches. Diameter, 10 inches. 

2370. GONG. Metal with floral decoration in color. 
Wooden beater. 

Diameter, 8^ inches by 6^ inches. 

284. SAR M UN DAL. Dulcimer. A quadrangular wood- 
en box mounted with 23 wire strings. 
Width, 22 inches. Depth, 4 inches. 

CASE 16. 

270. SOUNG. Rude Boat-shaped Harp. A hollow, reso- 
nant body of wood, shaped like a boat, the upper surface of skin. 
The strings are fastened to a bar of wood in centre of the body 
and are then carried to 7 pegs inserted in the slender curved neck 
which rises from one end of the body. Strings missing. 

Length, 27H inches. Width, sVa inches. 

Diameter, 3H inches. 



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1465 

Soung. Harp 
Page 55 



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« CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 65 

271. SOUNG. Harp. Similar in form to preceding. The 
body is finished in black, and the 13 silk strings have their tension 
regulated by being moved up or down the neck; there are no 
pegs. Supported on a stand of carved wood. 

Length, z'^ inches. Length of neck, 30 inches. 

1465. SOUNG. Harp. Similar to preceding, but of much 
more elaborate workmanship. The 13 silk strings are finished 
with tassels, and both body and stand are richly ornamented in 
gold and spangles. 

Length, ^z inches. Height, 27 inches. 

Width, 6 inches. 

^67. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. Wood, mounted with 
5 wire strings. Resembles the Megyoung (No. 294) in shape; the 
strings lie against the finger-board, which is fretted and extends 
from end to end on the upper surface of the body. 
Length, 41 inches. Width, 6 inches. 

211. VIOLIN. Model. Wood, 3 silk strings. Body dec- 
orated in color and head of neck finished with carved ornament. 
Length, iy% inches. Length of bow, 11 inches. 

^259. GONG. Metal, embossed. Wooden beater with knob. 
Diameter, 6^ inches. 

295. MEGYOUNG. Crocodile Harp. Model. Wood, 3 
strings, wire and silk. 

Length, 20H inches. Diameter, 3 inches. 
2Sp. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. A half cocoanut shell, 
faced with skin; a neck and 2 pegs of wood roughly finished; 2 
wire strings. 

Length, 16^ inches. Diameter of body, 4J^ inches. 

263. MOUSHAG. Bag-pipe. Leather bag finished with a 
wooden barrel, in which 2 chanters are inserted, one with 3 holes, 
the other with 5. There is also a short wooden blow-pipe. 
Length of bag, 26^ inches. Total length, z'^ inches. 

294. MEGYOUNG. Crocodile Harp. Body of wood, carved 
in the form of a crocodile. The (2 silk and i wire) strings pass 
from the head along the back over 5 wooden frets and a high 
bridge to pegs inserted in the side of the tail. 
Length, 47 inches. 

1473. MEGYOUNG. Crocodile Harp. Similar to preced- 
ing. Decorated in black and gold. 
Length, 54 inches. 



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56 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART , 

INDIA. 

CASE 17 A. 

283. KANUNA, or Katyayana-vina. Dulcimer. Body of 
wood, with 3 straight sides, the fourth and upper side cut off 
diagonally. In this side 28 metal pegs are inserted, carrying a 
like number of wire strings, which pass over a single bridge and 
are fastened at opposite end. 

Length, 29^/^ inches. Width, 16 inches. 

2505. CHOUNDAKE. Stringed Instrument A cylinder of 
wood with one end covered with skin, to the centre of which a 
cord is fastened finished with a wooden handle. Similar to the 
Ananda Lahari No. 187. 
187. ANANDA LAHARI. Stringed Instrument. A cylin- 
der of wood having the larger end covered with skin, is placed 
under the left arm. A single string fastened to the centre of the 
membrane passes out through the open end and is held taut by 
the left hand and plucked with a bit of bone or ivory held in the 
right hand. 

Height of cylinder, 8 inches. Diameter, 6H inches, 4]/^ inches. 

854. UDAKEA. Drum, Shell of wood, shaped like a 
dumb-bell, decorated in color. Heads of skin stretched over 
hoops of larger diameter than the shell, the edges laced together 
with cords. Beaten with the fingers. 

Height, 7 inches. Diameter of head, 6 inches. 

, 252. GHUTRU. Drum, Shell of wood, shaped like a 
goblet. Head of skin. Similar to the Ozee of Burmah (No. 251, 
C. 16 a), but of smaller dimensions. 
Height, 9 inches. 

264. ZITTY. Bag-pipe, Leather and wood. 2 chanters 
with 7 holes. 

Length of bag, 16 inches. Pipe, 13 inches. 

206. DUFF. Tambourine. Octagonal frame of wood with 
head of skin, riveted. 

Diameter, 23 inches. Depth, 3>4 inches. 

2504. SHUNK. Conch Shell Trumpet. Metal mouthpiece. 
Used by the priests in temple service. 

Height, II inches. Diameter, sH inches. 

186. DRUM. Shell of wood, covered with cloth. Heads of 
skin braced on sides with cord. 

Height, 10 inches. Diameter, 8 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 57 

216. BUDBUDIKI. Drum, Shell of wood with heads of 
skin which are struck by a small ball attached to a cord and 
fastened at the centre of the shell. Used by the snake-charmers. 
Height. 3 inches. Diameter of heads, 2j4 inches. 

214. HEAD DRUM. An iron frame covered with skin; 
worn on the forehead and beaten with the hand. 
Diameter, 7^ inches. 

156. HURUK. Drum. Shell of wood, shaped lite a dumb- 
bell and decorated with bands of color. Heads of skin braced 
with strips of same. 

Height, 9 inches. Diameter, 4}^ inches. 

CASE 17. 

1763. SHUNK. Conch Shell Trumpet. 
Length, 15 inches. Width, 8 inches. 

222. DOUBLE FLUTE. Used by the Ghoorkas, a tribe 
in Northern India. Two tubes of bamboo bound together at the 
ends; 6 finger holes in each. 
Length, 145/2 inches. 

2503. PAWA. Transz^erse Flute, 6 finger holes in front. 
Length, 10 inches. 

*22i. ALGOJA. Flageolet, Wood. 5 finger holes. 
Length, 16H inches. 

225. ALGOJA. Flageolet. Wood. 5 finger holes. 
Length, 12H inches. 

224. VERTICAL FLUTE. Wood. 7 finger holes. 
Length, 13 inches. 

226. VERTICAL FLUTE. Bamboo. 7 finger holes. 
Length, I2j4 inches. 

228. VERTICAL FLUTE. Wood. 7 finger holes. 
Length, I2j4 inches. 

1244. FLAGEOLET. Wood. 6 finger holes. 
Length, io>^ inches. 

229. FLAGEOLET. Wood. 7 finger holes. 
Length, 10 inches. 

*I444 SHUNK. Conch Shell Trumpet. 
Length, 55^ inches. Width, 3^ inches. 



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58 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

286. POONGI, or Tubri. Snake Charmer's Pipe. Body of 
gourd in which are inserted 2 wooden pipes furnished with single 
beating reeds. 7 finger holes in one, 2 in the other. 
Length, 20 inches. Diameter of gourd, 4 inches. 
161. RANA-SHRINGA. Trumpet, Shaped like the Eu- 
ropean serpent; tubing of thin metal, expanding from the mouth- 
piece to the lower end and divided into 5 flanged sections. Sur- 
face decorated in red. 

Length, 4 feet 10 inches. 
292. POONGI, or Tubri. Snake Charmer's Pipe. Sim- 
ilar to No. 286, but without ornament. 

Length, 16 inches. Diameter of gourd, 4 inches. 

1725. RATTLE. A straight wooden handle surmounted by 
a gourd. 

Length, 16H inches. Diameter of gourd, 4 inches. 

1333. KURNA. Trumpet, A slender tube of metal expand- 
ing into a conical bell with perforated edge, finished in scallops. 
Length, 47 inches. Diameter of bell, sV^ inches. 

198. NYASTARANGA. Trumpets. A pair of conical 
tubes flaring at the lower edge. These instruments are played by 
placing one on either side of the throat. The vibration of the 
vocal cords sets in motion a small film of spider web inserted in 
the tube, by which the tone is produced. 
Length, 20j^ inches. 

2169. MOCHANGA. Jews'-harp. Metal. 
Width, iH inches. 
212. TRUMPET. A thin brass tubing bent in 4 short 
curves and expanding at lower end into a serpent's head. Sur- 
face decorated in red. From Nepal. 
Length, 5 feet 2 inches. 

193. PHUNGA. Trumpet. A long, slender tube of thin 
metal expanding slightly at the lower end. 
Length, 49 inches. Diameter, 2 inches. 

2270. TRANSVERSE FLUTE. Metal. 6 finger holes. 
Length, i6j4 inches. 

CASE 18 A. 

165. DHOLAKA. Drum. Cylindrical shell of wood; 
heads of skin, braced on sides with cord. 
Height, 15 inches. Diameter, 9 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 69 

i68. PAKHWAJ. Drum. Cylindrical shell of wood; heads 
of skin, braced with strips of same. 

Height, 20 inches. Diameter, 8 inches. 

157. DRUM. Cylindrical shell of wood; heads of skin, 
braced on sides with strips of same. 

Height, iij^ inches. Diameter, 11J/2 inches. 

174. DRUM. Shell of pottery, bowl-shaped, with head of 
skin, braced on sides with strips of same. 

Height, 5J/2 inches. Diameter of head, 1254 inches. 

150. DRUM. A metal shell, bowl-shaped, with head of 
skin, held in place with strips of same. 

Height, 10 inches. Diameter, 9 inches. 

160. BANYA. Drum. Bowl-shaped shell of pottery ; heads 
of skin, braced on sides with strips of skin. 

Height, ioJ/2 inches. Diameter of head, 9 inches. 

166. TABLA. Drum. Cylindrical shell of wood, with 
heads of skin, braced on sides with strips of same that pass over 
wooden cylinders, placed midway between the heads, by means of 
which their tension is regulated. 

Height, 10 inches. Diameter, 7}^ inches. 

CASE 18. 

213. DAM AM. Skull Drum. Made from 2 human skulls, 
fastened together at the crown with the lower part cut away and 
the cavity covered with human skin. Used in the temples. 
Height, 7% inches. Width, 6j^ inches. 

1445. KAN-DUNG. Horn. Bone. Made from bone of 
Buddhist priest. Used in temple service. 
Length, 11^ inches. 

2500. TOOTOORE. Trumpet. Thin metal tubing, bent in 
2 crooks, flanged at 3 points and finished with an ornamental bell. 
Length, 23 inches. 
194. TOOTOORE. Trumpet. Similar to preceding. Dec- 
orated in red. From Nepal. 
Length, 30 inches. 

151. NAG-PHENI, or Turi. Trumpet. Made of thin 
metal, decorated in red. The tubing, near the mouthpiece, is bent 
like the letter S, and is flanged at 3 points; it then expands till it 
reaches the lower end, where it is finished with an ornamental 
bell. From Nepal. 

Length, 29 inches. Diameter of bell, 8 inches. 



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60 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

195. PANCHAMA OTTU. Trumpet. Thin metal tubings 
finished in a bell similar to that on preceding instrument. 
Length, 28J/2 inches. Diameter of bell, 3J4 inches. 

2502. SOOR. Oboe. A conical tube of wood with 8 finger 
holes in front and 2 on either side, terminating in a metal belL 
Double reed mouthpiece. 

Length, 23 inches. Diameter of bell, 5 inches. 

*I96. TOOMERIE NAGASSARAN. Oboe. A conical 
tube of wood with 8 holes in front and 2 on either side, terminat- 
ing in a metal bell at the lower end; the opposite end fitted in a 
metal tube holding the double reed. 

Length, 20 inches. Diameter of bell, 3H inches. 

1442. NAGASARA. Oboe. Similar to preceding but of 
copper ornamented with small blue stones. There are 7 holes in 
front, and the mouthpiece is arranged for a reed, which is miss- 
ing. 

Length, 24 inches. Diameter of bells, 3^ inches. 

2501. SANAL Reed Pipe. A conical tube of wood bound 
with cord and finished with a metal bell. One hole near belL 
Mouthpiece missing. 

Length, 26 inches. Diameter of bell, 4 inches. 

CASE 19 A. 

158. DRUM. Shell of pottery, wound around with narrow 
strips of skin. Heads of skin, braced on sides with thin strips of 
same. 

Height, 18 inches. Diameter, 13J/2 inches. 

167. BANYA. Drum. Bowl-shaped shell of pottery ; heaH 

of skin, braced with strips of same. (Similar to No. 160, C. 18 a.) 
Height, 8^ inches. Diameter of head, 9H inches. 

184. BANYA. Drum. Similar to preceding. 
Height, 9 inches. Diameter of head, 9 inches. 

1755. BELL. Bullock Bell. Globular metal body with the 
lower half perforated. 

Height, 4 inches. Diameter, 3% inches. 

215. BELL. Elephant Bell. Similar to preceding, but of 
heavier metal, and ornamented with engraved ornament. 
Height, 6 inches. Diameter, 5 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 61 

217. BELL. Camel Bell. Metal. Conical in shape with 
no decoration. 

Height, 8 inches. Diameter, 5J4 inches. 

1416. BELL. Hand Bell. Metal, with engraved ornament. 

Height, 6ii inches. Diameter of bell, 3 inches. 
1443. DRILBU and DORJE. Bell and Sceptre, or "Thunder- 
bolt." Bronze. Body of the bell engraved; handle ornamented 
with a figure of a deity. Temple instrument used by the priests 
during prayer. 

Height, 7 inches. Diameter of bell, 3H inches. 

154. BELL. Burnished brass, entire surface ornamented 
with engraving. The handle of the bell represents one of the 
Hindu deities. 

Height, 12 inches. Diameter of bell, Syi inches. 

1900. BELL. Hand Bell. Bronze. 

Height, ID inches. Diameter of bell, 3 inches. 

1415. BELL. Burnished brass. Similar in design to No. 
154, but of smaller dimensions. 

Height, 7 inches. Diameter, 4 inches. 

155. BELL. Similar to preceding. 

Height, 5>^ inches. Diameter of bell, 3 inches. 
1497. BELL. Metal. Resembles the Khew of Burmah, No. 
1749, C. 15. 

Height, 3H inches. Diameter, 2j4 inches. 

240. CASTANETS. 4 small metal discs, slightly conical, 
arranged in pairs. 

Diameter, 2j^ inches. 

239. CASTANETS. Similar to preceding, but having a 
small boss in the centre of each and flat edges. 
Diameter, 2^ inches. 

237. JHANG. Cymbals. Similar to preceding. 
Diameter, 3j4 inches. 

1760. BELL. Metal. Flat circular bell resembling a cym- 
bal. From Darjeeling. 
Diameter, 4^ inches. 

209. GOONGOOROO. Ankle Bells. Metal. Used by 
dancers, also by post runners. Resemble small sleigh bells strung 
on a cord. 



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62 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

236. ANKLETS. Metal. 2 rings, slightly ornamented, 
shaped to the ankle, and worn by dancers. 
Diameter of wire, Yi inch. 

1809. ANKLET. Metal. Similar to preceding. 
Diameter of wire, ^ inch. 

CASE 19. 

1337. BELL. Burnished brass. A coiled serpent with head 
raised, from the mouth of which swings a small metal rod that 
strikes a metal plate on the neck of the serpent. 
Height, loK inches. 

272, BELL. Metal, enameled in color. 
Height, 4^ inches. Diameter, 3 inches. 

2371. TOY DRUM. A small circular frame of wood, cov- 
ered with snake-skin, surmounting a straight handle. The heads 
are struck by a bead attached to a cord fastened on either side of 
the frame. 

Height, 8 inches. Diameter of head, 2^ inches. 

1452. KURTAR, or Chittika. Pair of Clappers, Each made 
of a framework of wood, with a curved handle on the back and 4 
pair of small metal discs inserted in the body; also several 
groups of small bells fastened on the sides. 

Length, 16 inches. Width, 2^/^ inches. Diameter of metal 

discs, lyi inches. 

278. TEMPLE GONG. Bronze. Suspended in a richly- 
carved frame of rosewood. Diameter of gong, 24 inches. 
Height of stand, 60 inches. (Presented by Mrs. H. S. Ladew, 
1894.) 

1500. BELLS. Strap of small metal bells. Worn by run- 
ners. 

Length, 42 inches. 

188. BELLS. Small bells hung on 3 wires stretched across 
a circular frame of metal, to which a long handle is fastened. 
Diameter of frame, 10 inches. Length of handle, 24 inches 

CASE 20 A. 

159. BANYA. Drum, Similar to No. 160, C. 18 a. Shell 
of pottery, with head of skin, braced with strips of same. 
Height, 12^ inches. Diameter, 10 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 83 

149. DHOLA. Drum. Shell of wood ; head of skin braced 
with strips of same. 

Height, 23 inches. Diameter, 12 inches. 

173. DHOLA. Drum, Wood and skin. Similar to pre- 
ceding. 

Height, 13 inches. Diameter, 7J^ inches. 

CASE 20. 

246. TAMBOURA. Stringed Instrument. Bulbous body 
with long straight neck, finished with a carved head, all of wood. 
The front of the instrument is cut from a single piece, extending 
from the rear of the neck to the base. There are 4 wire strings 
and 4 knobbed pegs, 2 on each side of neck near the top. No 
frets. One rather flat bridge near the base. 

Length, 465^ inches. Width, 11 inches. 
Depth, 9 inches. 

218.. DULCIMER. Stringed Instrument, A long, narrow 
wooden box with 3 sound holes in front and mounted with 24 
wire strings; these are fastened at the base and pass over a 
bridge to the head, where they are secured by metal pegs. 
Length, 345/2 inches. Width, 11 inches, tapering to 5 inches. 

247. SITAR. Stringed Instrument. A flat, circular body of 
wood, with long straight neck on which there are 16 metal frets 
and 2 of bone. 6 tuning pegs. Strings missing. 

Length, 46 inches. Diameter of body, 10 inches. 

162. TAYUC, or Mayuri. Peacock Guitar. (Southern In- 
dia.) Body of wood, carved to represent a peacock. The head 
and body form the lower part of the instrument, while the tail 
is embodied in the long neck. The nut at the head of the neck 
and the bridge at the base are of ivory. There are 20 wire 
strings, passing over 22 movable metal frets. On one side of the 
neck 15 pegs are inserted, on the opposite side near the head 3, 
while there are 2 larger ones on its face near the end. Some- 
times played with a bow. 

Length, 42 inches. Width, 6% inches. - 

203. SARINDA. Violin. Cut from a solid block of wood. 
The short neck is finished with the figure of a bird, below which 
is a peg box with 2 pegs in one side and one in opposite side, 
carrying 3 gut strings. The deep, hollow body of the instrument 
has rounded shoulders, below which the sides arch in toward the 
centre, where they nearly touch. They then curve out- 



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64 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

ward, and meeting at the base form a small circular body, which 
is faced with skin and supports a wooden bridge at its upper edge. 

Length, ipj^ inches. Width at shoulders, 6J/2 inches. Depth, 

4^ inches. 

Length of bow, 21 inches. 

163. TAYUC, or Mayuri. Peacock Guitar. (Northern In- 
dia.) 15 tuning pegs on the neck, 2 on top and 2 on side. Wire 
strings. Similar to No. 162. 
Length, 44 inches. 

152. SARUNGL Violin. Similar in form to No. 203, but 
of more elaborate workmanship and greater number of strings. 
The body is beautifully inlaid with ivory, and the tuning pegs have 
carved heads. 21 strings; 4 of cord; 17 sympathetic strings of 
wire. Played with bow. 

Length, 28 inches. Diameter of body, 10J/2 inches. Depth, 

Sy2 inches. 

CASE 21 A. 

269. KHUDRA KATYAYANA-VINA, or Sar Mundal. 
Dulcimer, Body circular, narrowing to a short, broad neck. The 
back is of gourd faced with wood having a sound hole 3 inches in 
diameter in the centre. 21 wire strings are fastened at the base 
and carried to the neck in the front of which 21 metal keys are 
inserted. 

Length, 19^ inches. Diameter of body, 10^ inches. 

233. GOPI-YANTRA. Stringed Instrument, A circular 
drum of wood, the upper end of which is open, the lower end 
covered with skin. A single string, fastened to the centre of the 
membrane, passes through the drum to a peg inserted in a small 
cylinder of bamboo or palm wood, connected with the drum by 
means of 2 long narrow strips of wood attached on either side 
to its upper edge. Played with plectrum. Resembles the Ananda 
Lahari (No. 187, C. 17 a). 

Length, 29^ inches. Diameter, 5% inches. 

1245. YEKTAR. Stringed Instrument, Resembles a wood- 
en dipper. A single string is carried from a peg in the end of the 
neck to the inside of the cylinder, where it is fastened. Made of 
ordinary wood, and roughly finished. Played with plectrum. 
Height, 23 inches. Diameter of cylinder, 4]/! inches. 

185. EKA-TARA. Stringed Instrument. Body gourd faced 
with skin, riveted. The neck is a small tube of bamboo, which 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 65 

passes through the body and projects on the lower side. A 
single string is fastened at each end to the neck; peg missing. 
Length, 365^ inches. Diameter of body, 5]^ inches. 

1775. SAROD, or Sharode. Stringed Instrument, Cut from 
a solid block of wood, about 8 inches in depth, narrow at the back 
and widening toward the front. The body is oval at its base mount- 
ed with a skin belly, the sides, curving sharply in toward the centre 
at the point where the body narrows to the neck, and forming a 
deep conical incision on either side, which extends back nearly 
the entire depth of the body. The neck is inlaid with ivory, and 
has 6 pegs inserted in one side. There are also 3 pegs on one 
side of the head and 2 opposite. Strings missing. 
Length, 30 inches. Diameter of body, 7 inches. 

175. EKA-TARA. Stringed Instrument, Similar to No. 

185. 

Length, 44 inches. Diameter of body, 10 inches. 

CASE 21. 

1586. SITAR. Stringed Instrument. Small globular body 
inlaid with strips of ivory and faced with wood. The long flat neck 
has 17 metal frets, 12 pegs on one side and 2 on top. 14 wire 
strings. 

Length, y2 inches. Diameter of body, 5 inches. 

191. KINNARI-VINA. Stringed Instrument. Similar to 
preceding. The neck wood, inlaid with ivory; body, shell of an 
ostrich egg. 18 metal frets, 5 pegs on side of neck, 2 on top. 7 
wire strings. 

Length, 35 inches. Diameter of body, 4% inches. 

208. TAOOSEE, or Sitar. Stringed Instrument. A circu- 
lar body of wood, with long neck inlaid with ivory. 15 metal 
frets. 15 pegs on side of neck, 2 on top. Strings missing. 
Length, 52 J^ inches. Diameter of body, 11 54 inches. 

190. SITAR. Stringed Instrument. Body of wood, pear- 
shaped, with long neck, entire surface beautifully inlaid with 
ivory. The strings are missing. 15 metal frets on the neck. 4 
pegs on side of neck; 2 on top. 

Length, 49;^ inches. Diameter of body, 10 inches. 

i8o. SITAR. Stringed Instrument. Body wood inlaid with 
ivory. Strings missing. 16 metal frets on neck. 4 pegs on side; 
2 on top. Similar to preceding. 

Length. 54 inches. Diameter of body, 8 inches. 



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66 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

CASE 22 A. 

232. TUMBURU VINA. Stringed Instrument. Circular 
body of wood with long neck. 4 wire strings are fastened at the 
base, and after passing through 4 small loose ivory buttons are 
wound about pegs inserted in the sides of the neck. 

Length, 49 inches. Diameter of body,' 12 inches. 

Depth, gl^ inches. 

200. SARANGL Violin, Oblong body of wood, inlaid 
with mother-of-pearl, faced with skin, and mounted with 2 
strings of brass and 3 of gut. These are fastened at the base of the 
body, pass over a bridge, and are carried to the interior through 
an opening near the head of the neck, where they are wound 
about pegs that project 2 on one side and 3 on the other. En- 
tire body of box-like construction. 

Length, 20^ inches. Width, 5 inches. 
Length of bow, 20J/2 inches. 
207. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. Body gourd and 
wood, mounted with 4 wire strings fastened to a tail-piece near 
lower edge, from which they pass over a bridge to the neck and 
are wound about pegs inserted from the back. There are 2 sound 
holes and the belly and neck of the instrument are decorated with 
incised lines. 

Length, 285^ inches. Diameter, 9^8 inches. 
Depth, 6 inches. 

249. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. Body pear-shaped, 
section of a gourd faced with skin, with a slender neck of polished 
wood. There are 3 gut strings fastened at the base, which pass 
over a rude bridge and are wound about pegs inserted in side of 
neck. 

Length, 33 inches. Width of body, 6 inches. 

248. SOORSRINGA. Stringed Instrument. Body gourd 
with neck and belly of wood inlaid with ivory. 16 frets made of 
strips of reed. 4 pegs on one side of neck, i on opposite side, 3 
on top. 

Length, 46 inches. Diameter of body, 9 inches. 

Depth, 10 inches. 

CASE 22. 

210. BENARES VINA. Stringed Instrument with Bow. 
A broad, flat neck of wood expanding at the base into a small 
globular body. There are 4 pegs on one side of the neck and 3 
on the other. The strings, of wire, are fastened at the base; the 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 67 

first and second pass over a bridge directly to their pegs; 4 pass 
over the bridge and 23 high wooden frets to 2 pegs on either side, 
while the remaining string passes over a small bridge in the side 
of the neck just below its peg. 

Length, 46 inches. Depth, 4^ inches. 

Width, 6y2 inches. 

1585. SITAR. Stringed Instrument. Body gourd, neck and 
belly of wood inlaid with ivory. 15 metal frets. Strings missing. 
3 pegs on one side of neck, 4 on opposite side. 

Length, 51 inches. Diameter of body, 12 inches. 

201. SITAR. Stringed Instrument. Body wood, decorated 
in gold. 17 metal frets. 5 wire strings. 3 pegs on side of neck, 
2 on top. In other respects similar to No. 191, C. 21. 

Length, 30^ inches. 

1744. SAUKTIKA-VINA. Stringed Instrument. Body shell. 
In other respects similar to preceding. 

Length, 38^ inches. Diameter of body, 3^ inches. 

202. SITAR. Stringed Instrument. Similar to No. 201. 
Wire strings. 3 pegs on side of neck, 2 on top. 

Length, 35 inches. 

189. TUMBURU. Stringed Instrument. Body gourd and 
wood with straight neck. Surface decorated with design of birds 
and figures in brilliant colors. 4 wire strings. 2 pegs on side of 
neck, 2 on top. 

Length, Z7y2 inches. Diameter of body, 9 inches. 

230. KACHHAPI VINA. Stringed Instrument. Body gourd 
with neck and belly of wood. 5 wire strings, fastened at the base, 
pass over a bridge and 16 metal frets to the pegs, 3 of which are 
on the side of the neck and 2 on top. 

Length, 48 inches. Diameter of body, 11^ inches. 

Depth, 5 inches. 

CASE 23 A. 

205. KINNARI VINA. Stringed Instrument, Body wood, 
similar to No. 210, C. 22, with the same number of strings and 
frets, mounted on three large gourds. 

Length, 54 inches. Height of gourds, 17^ inches. 

192. MAHATI VINA. Stringed Instrument. Similar to 
preceding, mounted on 2 gourds. 

Length, 54 inches. Height of gourds, 165/2 inches. 



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68 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

204. VINA. Stringed Instrument, Body of gourd faced 
with wood tapering to the neck, which is finished with a carved 
head. 7 wire strings, fastened at the base, pass over a bridge and 
22 frets to pegs inserted in the sides. The neck rests on a large 
gourd near its head. 

Length, 54 inches. Diameter of body, 11 inches. 

231. KUNJERRE VINA. Stringed Instrument, Similar 
to preceding, but without the gourd at the head. 

Length, 48 inches. Diameter of body, loj/^ inches. 

CASE 23. 

172. MAHATI VINA. Stringed Instrument. Gourds dec- 
orated in green and gold. In other respects similar to No. 192, 
C. 2Z A. 

Length, 56 inches. Height of gourds, 14 inches. 

153. ESRAR. Stringed Instrument zvith Bow. Body of 
wood, rounded at the base, the sides curving in toward the cen- 
tre, and faced with skin. A broad flat neck with 16 metal frets. 
15 wire strings. 13 pegs on side of neck, 2 on top. 
Length, 37 inches. Diameter of body, 6 inches. 
Length of bow, 20 inches. 

178. THANJ-KHANJANI. Tambourine. Circular frame 
of wood, with small metal discs inserted in one side. Head of skin. 
Diameter, 6^ inches. Depth, 3 inches. 

176. EKA-TARA. Stringed Instrument. Similar to No. 
185, C. 21 A. Decorated in green and gold. 

Length, 40^ inches. Diameter of body 7 inches. 

177. GOPI-YANTRA. Stringed Instrument. Similar to 
No. 2SS, C. 21 A. Green and gold decorations. 

Length, 25 inches. Diameter of body, 6 inches. 

181. ANANDA LAHARI. Stringed Instrument. Similar 
to No. 187, C. 17 A. Decorations green and gold. 

Length, 10 inches. Diameter of body, 4^^ to 6^ inches. 
169. SUR-SANGA. Stringed Instrument. Globular body 
with broad neck tapering toward the top, finished with a peg box 
surmounted by a carved head on arched neck. 4 strings of gut, i 
of wire, fastened at the base, pass over a bridge to the pegs at 
opposite end. 3 pegs on one side, 2 on the other. A nut of 
carved ivory below the peg-box similar to that on the Peacock 
Guitar, No. 163, C. 20. Played with plectrum. 

Length, 42 inches. Diameter of body, 9^ inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 69 

179. POONGI, or Tubri. Wind Instrument. Similar to 
No 292, C. 17. Body gourd. 2 bamboo pipes, 7 finger holes 
each. Used by snake charmers. 

Length, 155^ inches. Diameter of gourd, 4 inches. 

183. MURALI. Transverse Flute, Wood, decorated in 
green and gold. 6 finger holes in front, i on back. 
Length, 2^ inches. 

170. RABAB, or Rudra-vina. Stringed Instrument. Body 
gourd with belly of skin, neck of wood. In other respects similar 
to the Sur-Sanga, No. 169. 6 strings, 2 of wire, 4 of gut. Played 
with a plectrum. 

Length, 45 inches. Diameter of body, 11^ inches. 

182. SARANGI. Violin. Similar to No. 200, C. 22 a. Dec- 
orations green and gold. 4 gut strings and 8 sympathetic strings 
of wire. 

Length, 19 inches. Width of body, 7 inches. 

171. SAROD, or Sharode. Stringed Instrument. Globular 
body of wood with skin belly and broad neck, similar to the Sur- 
Sanga, No. 169. 9 pegs on side of neck, 3 .in either side of peg- 
box. 4 gut strings; 2 of wire. 9 sympathetic strings of fine wire. 
Played with plectrum. Decorations green and gold. 

Length, 35 inches. Diameter of body, g% inches. 

1536. PINAKA. Musical Bozv. A narrow strip of wood, 
decorated in green and gold; mounted with one string. 
Length, 48 inches. 

ASIATIC RUSSIA. 

CASE 24. 

*i898. DAYERE, or Dahareh. Tambourine. A circular frame 
of wood inlaid with ivory, with small rings and bells fastened to 
the interior. Head of skin. 

Diameter, 19 inches. 

J 859. THARI. Stringed Instrument. Body wood, shaped 
like the figure 8, with skin belly. Slender neck of wood finished 
with a peg-box and inlaid with pearl. Movable frets of silk cord, 
several missing. 3 pegs in either side of neck. 6 wire strings. 
Played with plectrum. 
Length, 34 inches. 



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70 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

1858. THARI. Stringed Instrument. Similar to preceding. 
7 strings. 

Length, 34 inches. 

320. THARI. Stringed Instrument, Wood, inlaid. Similar 
to No. 1859. 

Length, 34 inches. Diameter of body, 6}i inches. 

316. TRUBA. Jews'-harp. Metal. From Siberia. 
Length, ij^ inches. Width, % inch. 

313. SALAMOURI. Reed Pipe. Resembles the Heang- 
teih of China. (No. 20, C. i). Wood and metal. 7 finger holes. 
Mouthpiece missing. 
Length, 143^ inches. 

317. ZOURNA. Oboe. Conical tube of wood, 8 finger 
holes in front, one on the back. Large double reed. 

Length, 16 inches. 

328. ZOURNA. Oboe. Wood. 8 finger holes in front and 
one on back. Double reed mouthpiece with lip-guard. 
Length, 135^ inches. 

311. TANBOUR, or Tamboura. Stringed Instrument. 
Body of wood, pear-shaped, with slender neck. Inlaid with ivory. 
3 pegs on side of neck, 2 on the top. 5 wire strings. Played with 
plectrum. 

Length, 29 inches. 

PERSIA. 

CAS£ 24 A. 

1807. DAY^^RE. Tambourine. Similar to No. 1898. • 
Diameter, 19 inches. 

1 3 10. DOMBEG. Drum. Shell of wood, inlaid with ivory. 
Shaped like a goblet. Head of skin. 

Height, 17 inches. Diameter of head, 10 inches. 

2437. DOHOL. Drum. Shell of copper, tinned, with head 
of skin fastened to the shell with a net-work of cord. 

Height, 17 inches. Diameter of head, 15 inches. Base, 10 
inches. 

305. DOMBEG. Drum. Similar to No. 1310, but with- 
out inlaid decoration. 

Height, 16^ inches. Diameter of head, 9^4 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 71 

2436. DOHOL. Drum. Circular frame of wood, with heads 
of skin glued to the edge of the frame. 

Diameter, i6Ji inches. Depth, 3^ inches. 

CASE 24. 

1680. THARI. Stringed Instrument. Similar to No. 1859, 
C. 24. 5 wire strings. 
Length, 30^^ inches. 

322. THARL Stringed Instrument. Similar to preceding. 
8 wire strings. 

Length, 36 inches. Diameter of body, 9 inches. 

2440. KASHOOKS. Jingling Spoons. Two wooden spoons 
with small brass bells fastened to the bowls. 
Length, 10^ inches. 

2450. SORNA, or Zourna. Oboe. A conical tube of wood 
with 6 finger holes in front, and one on the back. Double reed 
mouthpiece with metal lip-guard. 

Length, 135/^ inches. 

2449. KARNAL. Trumpet. Brass. 

Length, 20 inches. Diameter of bell, 6 inches. ' 

*2453. SOOTE. Flageolet. Wood. 6 finger holes in front, 
one on the back. 

Length, 10^ inches.' 

2452. NEI, or Nay. Vertical Flute. Bamboo, tipped with 
metal and bound at six different points with narrow strips of skin. 
5 finger holes in front, one on the back. 
Length, 175^2 inches. 

435. NEI, or Nay. Vertical Flute. Wood. 5 finger holes. 
Length, 23 inches. 

2451. TRANSVERSE FLUTE. Wood. 6 finger holes in 
front. 

Length, 22 inches. - 

444. CHABBABEH. Flageolet. Wood. 7 finger holes. 
Length, 12]/^ inches. 

2454. NEFIR. Dervish Horn. Made from the horn of an 
ox or ram. 

Length, 14^ inches. Diameter of large end, 2j/^ inches. 
Mouthpiece, ^-inch. 



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72 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

2441. DOUBLE BELL. Metal. A conical bell having one 
of smaller dimensions fastened to the clapper. 

Height of outside bell, 4 inches. Diameter, 3 inches. 
Height of inside bell, 2 inches. Diameter, i^ inches. 

2445. BELL. Metal. Similar in shape to preceding. 
Height, 3J/^ inches. Diameter, 2^/2 inches. 

2442. DOUBLE BELL. Metal. Similar to No. 2441. 
Height of outside bell, 2^ inches. Diameter, 2 inches. 
Height of inside bell, ij'^ inches. Diameter, i inch. 

2444. BELL. Metal. Similar to No. 2445. 
Height, 3J^ inches. Diameter, 2^ inches. 

2443. DOUBLE BELL. Metal. Similar to No. 2441. 
Height of outside bell, 2f^ inches. Diameter, 2 inches. 
Height of inside bell, i^ inches. Diameter, i inch. 

2446. BELL. Metal. Similar to No. 2445. 
Height, 2 inches. Diameter, ij.'2 inches. 

^447. BELL. Metal. Similar to preceding. 
Height, 2 inches. Diameter, i^ inches. 

2455. SOUTAK. Whistling Jar. Brass. When filled with 
water, notes resembling those of a bird are produced by blowing 
through the spout. A musical toy. 

Height, 5 inches. Greatest diameter, sy2 inches. 

2439. ZINGUE. Castanets. Metal. 
Diameter, 2 inches. 

CASE 25 A. 

321. DAYERE. Tambourine. Similar to Nos. 1898, 1807. 
Case 24 A. 

Diameter, 19 inches. 

329. DIMPLIPITO, or Nagare. Tzvin Drums. Shells of 
pottery, bowl-shaped, with heads of skin, braced with cords. 
Height, 8 inches. Diameter, 8 inches. 
Height, 7 inches. Diameter, 4^ inches. 

304. DOMBEG. Drum. Similar to No. 305, C. 24 a. 
Height, 16 inches. Diameter, 10 inches. 

2438. SINDJ. Cymbals. Brass. 
Diameter, 16 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 73 

332. DARABOUKKEH. Drum. Shell of metal, engraved, 
with head of skin. Similar to the Dombeg, but of smaller dimen- 
sions and more graceful outline. 

Height, iiy2 inches. Diameter, 7K inches. 

1808. DRUM. Shell of engraved metal, bowl-shaped, with 
head of skin. Used on horseback. 
Diameter, 10 inches. 

CASE 25. 

327. TANBOUR. Stringed Instrument, Similar to No. 
311, C. 24. 

Length, 29 inches. Diameter of body, 5 inches. 

1679. THARI. Stringed Instrument. Similar to No. 1680, 
C. 24. Body and neck beautifully inlaid with ivory. 5 strings. 
Length, 33 inches. Diameter of body, 6 inches. 

1805. THARI. Stringed Instrument, Similar to preceding. 
5 strings. 

Length, ^6 inches. Diameter of body, 6 inches. 

326. TANBOUR. Stringed Instrument. Similar to No. 
311, C. 24. 5 wire strings. 

Length, 33 inches. Diameter of body, 7^/2 inches. 

325. KEMANGEH, or Kemantche. Stringed Instrument 
with Bow. A spherical body of wood, inlaid with ivory, with a 
slender spike-like neck that passes through the body and pro- 
jects at its base. 3 wooden pegs, also inlaid, and 3 wire strings. 
Bow missing. 

Length, 36% inches. Diameter of body, 9 inches. 

1806. KEMANGEH. Stringed Instrument. Similar to pre- 
ceding, but of less elaborate workmanship. Decorated in color. 

Length, 35^ inches. Diameter, 6 inches. 

TURKEY. 

CASE 25 A. 

2485. DAIRA. Tambourine, A circular frame of wood, 
inlaid with ivory, with small rings and bells fastened to the 
interior. Head of skin. Decorated on the inside with painting 
representing the national dance. 
Diameter, 19 inches. 



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74 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

319. DAIRA. Tambourine. Octagonal frame. 
Diameter, 8 inches. Depth, 2 inches. 

1357. GHAIDA, or Tooloom. Bag-pipe. Bag of skin, with 
double bamboo pipe, 5 holes in each tube, finished with horn. 
Length, 15 inches. Width, 10 inches. 

*362. GHAIDA. Bag-pipe. Similar to preceding. 6 holes 
in each tube. 

Length, 21 H inches. Width, 13^2 inches. 
1335. BAZ. Dervish Drums. Shells of metal, bowl-shaped. 
Heads of skin, fastened to body by means of small metal spikes 
projecting from the sides of the shell. 

Height, 5^ inches. Diameter, 7^/2 inches. 

CASE 25. 

331. SAZ. Stringed Instrument. Body of wood, pear- 
shaped. 4 wire strings. 

Length, 22y2 inches. Diameter of body, 33/2 inches. 

339. FELLAHEE. Stringed Instrument. Octagonal body 
of wood, with long, straight neck and belly of skin, 4 hemp 
strings. 

Length, 3! inches. Diameter of body, 5 inches. 

358. TANBOUR. Stringed Instrument. Similar to No. 
331. 5 wire strings. 
Length, 24 inches. 

337. KEMANGEH. Stringed Instrument. Similar to No. 
325. Body wood inlaid with ivory. 3 wire strings. 
Length, 36^ inches. Diameter of body, 9 inches. 
Length of bow, 25 inches. 

375. TANBOUR BOUZOURK. Stringed Instrument. 
Similar to No. 326, C. 25. Body wood inlaid with pearl. 6 wire 
strings. 

Length, 35 inches. Diameter of body, 6 inches. 

341. TANBOUR. Stringed Instrument. Body wood inlaid 
with ivory and pearl. 4 pegs on side of neck, 5 on top. 
Length, 40 inches. Diameter of body, 8 inches. 

1376. KEMANGEH. Stringed Instrument. An oblong body 
of wood with short neck and peg-box, finished with a scroll. 11 
pegs. 6 wire strings and 5 sympathetic strings of fine wire. 
Length, 26 inches. Width of body, 5^ inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 75 

352. TANBOUR BOUZOURK. Stringed Instrument. 
Body wood. 6 pegs on side of neck, 6 on top. 

Length, 39 inches. Diameter of body, 65^ inches. 

2484. TANBOUR. Stringed Instrument, Model. Body 
wood, inlaid. 4 strings. 

Length, 10 inches. Diameter of body, 2 inches. 
2487. NAQQAREH. Pair of Drums, Model. Shell of 
wood, bowl-shaped. Heads of skin fastened to body with net- 
work of cord. 

Height of larger, 2j^ inches. Diameter, 2^/2 inches. 
Height of smaller, 2 inches. Diameter, i^ inches. 

2482. THARI. Stringed Instrument, Model. Body wood, 
inlaid. 4 strings. 

Length, 13 inches. Diameter of body, 2^2 inches. 

2486. DAIRA. Tambourine, Model. A circular frame of 
wood inlaid with ivory, with small bells fastened to the interior. 
Head of skin. 

Diameter, 4H inches. 

2483. KEMANGEH, or Kemantche. Stringed Instrument, ^ 
Model. 3 strings. 

Length, 16 inches. Diameter of body, 3J^ inches. 
Length of bow, 9 inches. 

CASE 26 A. 

1362. DAIRA. Tambourine. Circular frame of wood with 
small metal discs inserted. Head of skin. 
Diameter, 12 inches. Depth, 2^ inches. 

2835. ZIL. Cymbals, Metal. 

Diameter, 7 inches. 
1334. TAB'L BEL'EDEE. Drum. Cylindrical shell of wood, 
with heads of skin held in place by hoops, braced on sides with cord. 
Height, 12 inches. Diameter, 22 inches. 
Length of stick, 14 inches. 
363. BAZ. Dervish Drum. Shell of metal, bowl-shaped. 
Head stretched over small metal spikes. 
Diameter, 5 inches. 

1336. DARABOUKKEH. Drxm, Shell of pottery with 
head of skin, having a strap of small bells fastened on the in- 
terior. 

Height, 13 inches. Diameter of head, 6^/^ inches. 



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76 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

381. CASTANETS. Metal. 
Diameter, 2 inches. 

380. CASTANETS. Metal. 
Diameter, i^ inches. 

353. GELE-MASHA. Clappers, A narrow strip of metal 
bent together at the centre like a pair of tongs, with 3 prongs at 
either end, each finished wth a small metal disc. 
Length, 20 inches. 

1377. GELE-MASHA. Clappers. Similar to preceding. 
Length, 18 inched. 

357. DABBOUS. Dervish Whirling Rattle. A knobbed 
stick with chains finished with bits of metal fastened to its head. 
Length, 27 inches. 

CASE 26. 

1530. ZOURNA, or Zamr. Oboe. A conical tube of wood 
with double reed and lip-guard. 10 finger holes in front, 2 on 
either side. 

Length, 12 inches. 

*I37S. ZOURNA, or Zamr. Oboe. Wood. 10 finger holes 
in front, 2 on either side. 
Length, 12 inches. 

344. ZOURNA, or Zamr. Oboe. Wood. 10 finger holes, 
2 on either side. 

Length, 12 inches. 

450. DUDUKI, Duduk, or Souffarah. Flageolet. Wood. 
6 finger holes. 

Length, 7 inches. 

*449. DUDUKI. Flageolet. Similar to preceding. 
Length, 7 inches. 

1487. DUDUKI. Flageolet. Similar to preceding. 
Length, 9 inches. 

i486. DOUBLE WHISTLE. Bone. 

Longest pipe, 8^ inches; shortest, 7^ inches. 

447. DUDUKI. Flageolet. Similar to No. 450. 7 finger 
holes. 

Length, 10^ inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 77 

1488. DERVISH PIPE. A small bamboo pipe inserted in 

one of larger diameter. 2 holes in smaller tube at point of in- 
sertion. 

Length, 8 inches. 

1354. SHEPHERD'S PIPE. Wood. 7 finger holes. 
Length, 16 inches. 

438. NAY. Vertical Flute. Wood. 7 finger holes. 
Length, 12^ inches. 

437. NAY. Vertical Flute, Wood. 6 finger holes. 

Length, igH inches. 
436. NAY. Vertical Flute, Wood. 7 finger holes. 

Length, i8j^ inches. 

433. NAY. Vertical Flute. Bamboo. 6 finger holes. 
Length, 26 inches. 

2034. WHISTLE. Bamboo. (Armenian.) 
Length, 6^ inches. 

338. TANBOUR KEBYR. Great Tanbour. Large globu- 
lar body, with long slender neck of wood. 4 pegs in side of neck, 
4 on top. 

Length, 52 inches. Diameter, 13 inches. 

1248. KANOON, or Qanon. Psaltery. A quadrangular 
box of wood with 72 gut strings arranged in sets of 3, fastened to 
metal pegs inserted in the face of the body at the upper end, 
which is cut off diagonally; the strings are then carried over a 
nut to a bridge at the opposite end, from which they pass to the 
interior. The upper part of the face is wood, with ornamental 
sound holes, while the lower oart, under the bridge, is of skin. 
Length, 34 inches. Width, 14 inches. 

330. KANOON. Psaltery. Similar to preceding, but of 
more elaborate workmanship. Body inlaid with mother of pearl 
and ivory. 72 gut strings. 

Length, 37%, inches. Width, is% inches. 

*342. KANOON. Psaltery, Similar to No. 1248. 78 gut 
strings. 

Length, 36 inches. Width, 15% inches. 
(Drexel Collection.) 

370. SANTIR. Dulcimer. A trapezoidal box of wood with 
arrangement of strings similar to the Kanoon. 72 wire strings. 
Length, 32 inches. Width, iVA inches. 



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78 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

*I374. SANTIR. Dulcimer, Similar to preceding. 80 wire 
strings. 2 metal hammers. 

Length, 20 inches. Width, 12 inches. 

SYRIA. 

CASE 2y A. 

385. RIKK. Tambourine. Circular frame of wood with 
head of skin. 

Diameter, 18 inches. 

387. RIKK. Tambourine, Frame of wood, inlaid with 
ivory, with head of skin. 
Diameter, 9 inches. 

346. DARABOUKKEH. Drum. Shell of polished wood 
the shape of a bottle; smaller end open; larger end covered with 
skin. 

Height, 18 inches. 

334. DARABOUKKEH. Drum. Shell of terra cotta with 
head of skin. 

Height, II inches. Diameter, 7 inches. 

384. NAQQAREH. Pair of Drums. Bowl-shaped shell of 
metal, with heads of skin. Beaten with sticks. 
Height, 3 inches. Diameter, 3 inches. 

423. NAQQAREH. Kettle Drum. Pottery and skin. 
Height, 5 inches. Diameter, 135^ inches. 

CASE 27, 

391. REBAB-ESH-SHA'ERt Fiddle. A quadrangular 
frame covered with skin with a metal rod projecting at the base 
and a wooden neck ornamented with shells at the top. It has 
one string of ordinary twine and the bow is arched. 

Length, 34H inches. 

(Drexel Collection.) 

394. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. A slender body of 
wood, the lower part rounded and faced with a belly of skin. 
The body tapers from the base to the peg-box, where the neck 
curves forward. There are 5 sound holes bored in the front of 
the body. 5 strings are fastened at the base and wound about the 
pegs at opposite end. 3 in one side of box, 2 opposite. 
Length, 27 inches. Width of body, sJi inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 79 

393. GUENBRI (Gunibry). Stringed Instrument. Wood 
and skin. A slender body, tapering at either end, covered with 
skin. Neck of wood with 3 pegs inserted near the top. 3 strings 
which pass over a bone bridge. Played with a plectrum. 
Length, 24 inches. Width of body, 3 inches. 

388. REBAB-ESH-SHA'ER. Similar to No. 394. 
Length, 27 inches. 

*378. E'OUD, or El'oud. Lute. Body of wood, pear- 
shaped. Short neck finished with peg box curving toward the 
back. 8 strings of gut and 4 of wire. 

Length, 28 inches. Width, 14 inches. 

1441. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. Body of wood, sim- 
ilar to No. 394. 6 wire strings, fastened to a ring at the 
base of the body, are carried along the neck to an opening at the 
top, through which they pass to the pegs projecting on either side 
of the head. 

Length, 31 inches. Width of body, 61/2 inches. 

374. E'OUD. Lute. Wood inlaid with ivory. 12 strings ; 
4 wire, 8 gut. Similar to No. 378. 

Length, 29J/2 inches. Width, 14 inches. 

2215. GOTCHNAG, or Batellus. Gong. (Armenian.) An 
oblong block of wood with 2 wooden mallets. 

Length, 26% inches. Width, io54 inches. Length of ham- 
mer, 12 inches. 

CASE 28 A. 

333. DARABOUKKEH. Drum. Shell of wood with head 
of skin. From Damascus. 

Height, 14 inches. Diameter of head, 10 inches. 

347. DARABOUKKEH. Drum. Pottery shell with head 
of skin. 

Height, 14 inches. Diameter of head, 10 inches. 

383. NAQQAREH. Pair of Drums. Metal shells, bowl- 
shaped, with heads of skin. 

Height, 3 inches. Diameter, 5^ inches. 

1247. DARABOUKKEH. Drum. Shell of wood inlaid 
with pearl. Head of skin. From Damascus. 
Height, 16 inches. 



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80 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

336. DARABOUKKEH. Drum. Metal shell with head 
of skin. 

Height, i6j^ inches. Diameter of head, 7 inches. 

366. NAQQAREH. Drum, From Damascus. 
Height, 4J^ inches. Diameter of head, 7 inches. 

CASE 28. 

*390. REBAB-ESH-SHA'ER. Fiddle. Similar to No. 388, 
C. 27. I string of horse-hair. 

Length, 26 inches. Width, 8 inches. 
Length of bow, 2^ inches. 

395. OBOE. Conical tube of wood. 7 finger holes. From 
Palestine. 

Length, 15 inches. 

409. GUENBRI (Gunibry). Stringed Instrument. Similar 
to No. 393, C. 27. 

Length, 21 inches. Width, 3 inches. 

S77. ZAMR-EL-KEBYR. Oboe. Conical tube of wood, 
with double reed mouthpiece. 10 finger holes in front, 2 on 
either side. From Palestine. 
Length, 24 inches. 

382. FAGGEISHAH. Castanets. Metal. 
Diameter, 2 inches. 
1455. GUARD RATTLE WITH BELLS. A triangular 
piece of cloth and leather, decorated with bits of glass, shells, 
bells, etc. From Damascus. 
Diameter, 7 inches. 

446. MEIJIWIZ. Reed Instrument. Double bone pipe, 
mouthpiece fitted with beating reed. 6 finger holes in each tube. 
Length, 9 inches. 

445. MEIJIWIZ. Reed Instrument. Similar to preceding, 
but of bamboo. 6 finger holes in each tube. 
Length, iij^ inches. 

1329. WHISTLE. Bamboo. 7 finger holes. 
Length, i2>^ inches. 

440. MINJAIREH. Vertical Flute. Bamboo. 6 finger 

holes. 

Length, 14^^ inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 



81 



Similar to No. 445. 



Bamboo. 7 finger holes. 
Bamboo. 6 finger holes. 



439. MEIJIWIZ. Reed Instrument, 
6 finger holes in one pipe. 
Length, 121/2 inches. 

434. NAY. Vertieal Flute. 
Length, 27 inches. 

432. NAY. Vertical Flute, 
Length, 30 inches. 

430. ARGHOUL. Reed Instrument, Double pipe of bam- 
boo, fitted with beating reeds. Similar to No. 445, except that 
one pipe is considerably longer than the other. 6 finger holes in 
short pipe. 

Length, 38 inches. 

ARABIA. 

CASE 28 A. 

365. NAQQAREH. Pair of Drums, Metal shell with head 
of skin. 

Height, 4 inches. Diameter of heads, 7^/2 inches. 

368. NAQQAREH. Drum. Metal shell, bowl-shaped, 
with head of skin. 

Height, 4 inches. Diameter of head, 6 inches. 

CASE 28. 

116. STRINGED INSTRUMENT WITH BOW. Body 
an oblong wooden box with belly of skin and a neck of wood, 
which enters the body at the top and projects through a hole in 
the skin near the lower edge. To this projecting point 3 gut 
strings are fastened, and at a point above the body are wound 
around the neck. There are no pegs. Fringed leather, orna- 
mented with shells, decorates the body and neck. 

Length, 29 inches. 

(Drexel Collection.) 

389. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. Similar to No. 116. 2 
gut strings. 

Length, 29^ inches. 
(Drexel Collection.) 

361. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. A shallow body of 
wood, pear-shaped, with slender neck on which there are 12 



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82 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

frets. The face of the body is perforated and the 5 wire strings, 
fastened at the base, pass over a bridge and are fastened to 5 
metal pegs in the top of neck. 
Length, 2^ inches. 

CASE 29 A. 

335. DARABOUKKEH. Drum. Shell of pottery dec- 
orated with arabesque designs in brilliant coloring, with head of 
skin. 

Height, 145^ inches. Diameter of head, 6J^ inches. 

386. TABBALAT, or Tabl Shamee. Neck Drum. A shal- 
low bowl of wood with head of skin, riveted. 
Depth, 3 inches. Diameter, 12]/^ inches. 

369. TABBALAT ARRAKEB. Twin Drums, Shells of 
metal, bowl-shaped, with heads of skin. 

Height, 2J/2 inches. Diameter of head, 5 inches. 

:^67, NAQQAREH. Hand Drum, A small circular shell of 
wood with head of skin. 

Height, 3 inches. Diameter, 5 inches. 

349. DARABOUKKEH. Drum, Shell of pottery with 
head of skin. 

Height, 15 inches. Diameter of head, 8H inches. 
392. DAFF. Tambourine. A square frame of wood with 
2 heads of skin, decorated in color. The edges are decorated with 
small white shells. 

Diameter, 12 inches. 

364. DARABOUKKEH. Drum. Shell of pottery cov- 
ered with shells; head of skin. 2 wooden sticks. 
Height, 7^ inches. Diameter of head, 5 inches. 

CASE 29. 

379. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. Body and neck of 
wood, belly of skin, with an opening near the base through 
which the end of the neck projects. Of crude workmanship. 2 
twisted wire strings. No pegs. 

Length, 25^ inches. Diameter, 4^ inches. 
(Drexel Collection). 

376. KEMANGEH A'GOUZ. Stringed Instrument. Body 
cocoanut shell with belly of skin. The neck of polished wood 
passes through the body, projecting at the lower edge. The 2 
strings of horse-hair are fastened to a metal ring which passes 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 83 

over the lower end of the neck, and are fastened at the opposite 
end to 2 pegs inserted in a peg-box. 

Length, 39 inches. Diameter of body, 3 inches. 

397. STRINGED INSTRUMENT WITH BOW. Similar 
to No. 116. 

Length, 26 inches. Width of body, 7 inches. 

396. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. Similar to preceding. 

3 gut strings. 

Length, 28 inches. 
(Drexel Collection.) 

356. JUNK. Harp. A shallow triangular box with sound- 
hole on side and a carved neck of polished wood at one end. 6 
gut strings are fastened to the upper edge of the body and car- 
ried to the 6 pegs inserted near the head of the neck. 
Height, 26 inches. Width, 15 inches. 

360. GUENBRI (Gunibry). Stringed Instrument. Body 
of wood shaped like the figure 8; belly of skin decorated in color. 
Strings missing. 

Length, 24 inches. Diameter of body, 6 inches. 

(Drexel Collection.) 

359. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. Similar to No. 394, 
C. 27. 6 gut strings. 

Length, 25 inches. Diameter of body, 4^^ inches. 

*355- GUENBRI (Gunibry). Stringed Instrument. Body 
wood, with belly of skin, ornamented with fringed leather and 
shells. 2 pegs in top of neck. 2 strings of gut. 

Length, 21 inches. Diameter of body, 6 inches. 

398. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. A flat circular body 
of wood with belly of skin and 3 strings fastened to pegs in the 
neck. 

Length, 21 inches. Diameter of body, 4 inches. 

371. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. Body a tortoise shell 
with neck of polished wood and belly of skin. 4 pegs in neck. 

4 gut strings. 

Length, 2^/2 inches. 

354. GUENBRI (Gunibry). Stringed Instrument. Tor- 
toise-shell body, with neck of wood and belly of skin, entire sur- 
face decorated in color. Pegs and strings missing. 

Length, 21^/2 inches. Diameter of body, 4^ inches. 
(Drexel Collection.) 



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84 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

CENTRAL CASES. 

CASE I. 

The European Keyboard Instruments and Models of Action 
displayed in this case (Nos. 1224, 1225, 1226, 2765, 2344, 1212, 
1230, 1778, 1231, 1678, 1218, 1 196, 1209, 1221, 1222, 1223, 
1928, 1925, and 2401) are fully illustrated and described in the 
" Special Catalogue of Keyboard Instruments," and are em- 
bodied as well in the European Section of Hand-Book No. 13, 
Part I. 

CASE A. 

1232. NAKAKEER. Kettle Drum, Egypt. Shell of bur- 
nished metal, richly engraved. One of a pair, used in military 
music. When carried on horse or camel, one is fastened on 
either side of the animal's neck. 

Height, 12J/2 inches. Diameter, 24J/2 inches. 

1233. NAKAKEER. Kettle Drum. Egypt. Companion to 
No. 1232. 

1234. FROG DRUM. Siam. Bronze. Resembles the 
Chu-ko-ku of China. (No. 1704, C. 3 a.) 

Height, 20>4 inches. Diameter, 21 inches. 

1236. O'DAIKO. Drum. Japan. Shell and standard of 
cloisonne enamel. The drum, surmounted by a cock, rests on a 
silk cushion. Made by order of the Japanese Government for the 
Vienna Exposition. Loaned by Mr. L. Bayard Smith. 

Height of drum, 19 inches. Diameter, 22 inches. Height of 
stand, 29 inches. 

CASE B. 

1961. TSURI DAIKO. Temple Drum. Japan. Drum and 
frame work of blue cloisonne enamel. 

Height of stand, 6 feet 8 inches. Width of stand, 2 feet 6 
inches. 

Diameter of drum, 20 inches. 

1534. O'DAIKO. Drum. Japan. Shell and stand of wood. 
Heads of skin. Riveted. 

Height, 19.V2 inches. Diameter, 19J/2 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 85 

1237. TEMPLE GOXG AND STAND. Siam. A circular 
metal gong hung in a framework of beautifully carved wood. 
Height of stand, 6 feet. Width, 2 feet 6 inches. 
Diameter of gong, 14 inches. 

2220. HWANG TEIH. Trumpet, China. A large cylin- 
der of wood, gilded, fitted with a slender metal tube. Used in fu- 
neral processions. 

Length, 5 feet. Diameter at base, 10 inches. 

2448. KARANA. Trumpet. Persia. Brass. 

Length, 5 feet i inch. Diameter of bell, 9 inches. 

63. HWANG TEIH. Trumpet. China. Similar to pre- 
ceding, but of metal and of much smaller dimensions. 
Length, 3 feet 3 inches. Diameter at base, 4H inches. 

2499. KARANA. Trumpet. India. Brass. 

Length, 6 feet 3 inches. Diameter of bell, i foot 4^ inches. 

CASE C. 

2076. BELL AND STAND. Canton, China. Ancient cop- 
per bell, ornamented with knobs hung in frames of beautifully- 
carved teakwood; used in Confucian temple service. The follow- 
ing numbers, 2077, 2078, 2079, 2080, 2081, are of similar design and 
workmanship, but of smaller dimensions. 

Height of stand, 46 inches. Width. 22 inches. 
Height of bell, 15 inches. Diameter, 11 inches. 

2077. BELL AND STAND. 

Height of stand, 45 inches. Width. 22 inches. 
Height of bell, 15 inches. Diameter, 10 inches. 

2078. BELL AND STAND. 

Height of stand, 34 inches. Width, 16 inches. 

Height of bell, 13 inches. Diameter, 7 inches. , 

2079. BELL AND STAND. 

Height of stand, 28 inches. Width, 11^ inches. 
Height of bell, 8 inches. Diameter, 6>^ inches. 

2080. BELL AND STAND. 

Height of stand, 16 inches. Width, 8 inches. 
Height of bell, 6 inches. Diameter, 4H inches. 

2081. BELL AND STAND. 

Height of stand, 12 inches. 

Height of bell, 4 inches. Diameter, 3% inches. 



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86 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 



CASE D. 

2101, PAT-MAH. Drum, Burmsih. Shell of wood, barrel- 
shaped, with head of skin, braced on sides with strips of same. 
Suspended from a cross bar of wood resting on two uprights. 

Height of frame 5 feet 5 inches. Width, 5 feet 8 inches. 
Height of drum, 23 inches. Diameter, 21 to 16I/2 inches. 

22^2, GYO. Japan. Temple instrument of great antiquity. 
A tiger, in recumbent posture, carved from a solid block of wood. 
At certain points in the service the head of the tiger is struck, 
and the beater passed rapidly over the notched ridge on the 
back. The character ("Raku") cut on the forehead indicates 
"pleasure." The Gyo originated in China, where it is called "Yu." 
Length, 30 inches. Height, 6 inches. Length of stand, 31 
inches. Width, 13 inches. Height, 7^4 inches. 

SUSPENDED OVER CASE I. 

1238. SAING WAING. Drum Organ. Siam. Circular 
frame of wood supporting 17 cylindrical drums. 

Height of frame, 25 inches. Diameter, 53 inches. 
Height of largest drum, 16 inches. Diameter, Sl4 inches. 
Height of smallest drum, 8 inches. Diameter, 3^/2 inches. 

1239. KYEE WEING. Gong Organ. Burmah. Wood and 
metal. Circular frame of carved wood similar to preceding, in 
which 15 metal gongs are hung. Diameter of largest, 5l4 inches. 
Diameter of smallest, 4 inches. 

Height of frame, i foot 3 inches. Diameter of frame, 3 feet 

4 inches. 
2016. GONG. Japan. A large metal gong, embossed, sus- 
pended from a bar of wood supported on the shoulders of 2 gro- 
tesque figures of carved wood. 

Height of figures, 5 feet 6 inches. Diameter of gong, 30 

inches. 



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2272 

Gyo, Temple Instrument 

Page 86 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 87 

ADDITIONS. 

The following Asiatic instruments have been added to the 
Collection since the first edition of the Catalogue was pub- 
lished. 

CHINA. 

CASE I. 

2562. KANG T'UNG. Lama Trumpet. Bone, ornamented 
in silver and leather. From Thibet. 

Length, 15^ inches. 

These trumpets are found in the region of the Himalayas, where 
they are employed by the Lamas and Buddhist priests in religious 
ceremonies. They are generally made from the femur, or thigh- 
bone, of a priest. A similar instrument is found in Southern 
Russia, where it is called *' Gangurih." 

2637. KANG T'UNG. Lama Trumpet. Similar to the pre- 
ceding. 

Length, 14 inches. 

2895. HORN. Made of clear glass, the tubing slightly curved 
and expanding into a bell. 

Length, 21 inches.. Diameter of bell, 5 inches. 

CASE 2. 
2850. MUSICAL BOW. A narrow strip of fibre attached 
to a rod of bamboo. 
Length, 24 inches. 
This instrument resembles the musical bows of Southern Africa. 

CASE 3. 
2894. CHENG (Sheng). Month Organ. A bowl-shaped 
reservoir of lacquered wood having a mouthpiece on one side and 
17 bamboo pipes, varying in length, inserted in the top. 13 of these 
pipes are fitted with free reeds. 

Height, 16^ inches. Diameter of reservoir, 3 inches. 

2521. SPECIMEN OF CHINESE MUSIC. 

CENTRAL CASES. 
CASE B. 

2563. DUNG-CH'EN. Trumpet. Copper. Conical tubing 
divided into three sections which slide one within the other. A 



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88 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

shallow cup-mouthpiece similar to the Lapa. The several sections 
are decorated with bands of pierced metal ornament. From Thibet. 
Length, 68 inches. 

CASE C. 

2896. TEMPLE BELL AND STAND. Ornamented with 
Chinese characters and hung in a carved teakwood stand. 

Height of stand, 22 inches; width, 6% inches. Height of bell, 
iij/^ inches; diameter, 9 inches. 

2897. TEMPLE BELL AND STAND. Ornamented with 
Chinese dragons and other characteristic designs embossed on sur- 
face. Hung in a carved teakwood stand. 

Height of stand, 19)^ inches; width, 8 inches. Height of bell, 
7J^ inches; diameter, 5 inches. 

JAPAN. 

CASE 10. 

2728. TEMPLE BELL. Bronze. Cast in the shape of a bird, 
with ring handle. Inscriptions, " Matsu-ura-sha Tempei jii-nen," 
or The Temple Matsu-ura, dated tenth year of period of Tempo. 
Height, 4% inches. 

CASE II. 

2516. SPECIMEN OF JAPANESE FLUTE MUSIC. 

CENTRAL CASES. 
CASE D. 

2865. Songs for the Kindergarten. 

2866. " Takiwa," — ^Japanese Popular Song. 

2867. Songs for the Middle Schools. 

2868. "Chuto Shokashu/^— Songs for the Middle Grade 
Schools. 

2869. Japanese National Song. 

2870. Collection of Koto Music. 

2871. Japanese Popular Music. 

2872. " Shochikubai," — Koto Music. 

2873. " Azumajishi," — Koto Music. 

2874. Japanese Dramatic Music. 

2875. Japanese Dramatic Music. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 89 

2876. *' Miyako no Haru/' — Koto Music. 

2877. Songs for the Common School. 

2878. Songs for the Common School. 

2879. Songs for the Common School. 

2880. " Shin-nen," or New Year's Song — Koto Music. 

ON WALL. 

2914. CHART. Notation of the Hichi-riki (No. 104, Case 
11) and the Riuteki (No. 2273, Case 11): 

This chart and those under the following seven numbers are 
reproduced through the courtesy of the Director of the New Eng- 
land Conservatory of Music, Boston, Mass. 

Dimensions, 32 inches by 46 inches. 

2915. CHART. Notation of the Koto (No. no, Case 5 a) 
and the Kokiu (No. 105, Case 6) as applied to school music. 

Dimensions, 32 inches by 46 inches. 

2916. CHART. Notation of the Sho (No. 98. Case 11). 
Dimensions, 32 inches by 46 inches. 

2917. CHART. Notation of the Siamisen (No. 106, Case 7). 
Dimensions, 32 inches by 46 inches. 

2918. CHART. Notation of the Koto (No. no, Case 5 a). 
Classical. 

Dimensions, 32 inches by 46 inches. 

2919. CHART. Notation of the Koto (No. no, Case 5 a). 
Popular. 

Dimensions, 32 inches by 46 inches. 

2920. CHART. Notation of the Biwa (No. n9, Case 6). 
Dimensions, 32 inches by 46 inches. 

2921. CHART. Notation of the Kokiu (No. 105, Case 6) 
and the Siaku-Hachi (No. 126, Case 11). 

Dimensions, J2 inches by 46 inches. 

BURMAH. 

CASE 15. 

2749. BULLOCK'S COLLAR. A strip of canvas covered 
with red cloth, to which are fastened 64 small bronze bells of 
various sizes. 

Length of strap, 82 inches. Largest bell, i^ inches; smallest, 
J^ inch. 



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90 THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 

INDIA. 

CASE 17. 

2797. POONGI, or Tubri. Snake Charmer's Pipe. Two 
bamboo pipes fitted with single-beating reeds, inserted in a gourd. 
7 holes in one pipe, 2 in the other. The surface decorated in 
brilliant colors. 

Total length, 17^ inches. Length of tubes, 6}4 inches. 
Diameter of gourd, 4 inches. 

CASE 18. 

2846. LADAKEH. Drum. Shell of wood covered with 
ivory. The heads of parchment are struck by small balls fastened 
by cords to the centre of the shell. 

Height, 3J4 inches. Diameter, 4^ inches. 

939. HORANAWA. Reed Pipe. A conical tube of wood 
with 7 finger holes, and terminating in a metal bell. A double 
reed is used with this pipe, usually made from the talipot leaf. 
Length, iii/4 inches. Diameter of bell, 3 inches. 

2671. NAGASARA. Oboe. A conical tube of copper ex- 
panding in small bell ; decorated with pierced bands of metal orna- 
ment. 7 finger holes. 

Length, 16J/2 inches. Diameter of bell, 4J^ inches. 

CASE 19 A. 

2570. TEMPLE BELL. Bronze. Body of bell engraved, 
the handle ornamented with the heads of deities. 
Height, 6H inches. Diameter, 2% inches. 

PERSIA. 

CASE 24 A. 

2707. STRINGED INSTRUMENT. A circular frame 
covered on both sides with parchment held in place by a broad 
band of copper. A long neck of carved wood, ornamented with 
copper bands, was formerly fitted with 6 tuning pegs (two miss- 
ing) carrying gut strings fastened at the bottom of the instrument. 
The face of the body is decorated with painting. 
Length, 56 inches. Diameter, 16 inches. 



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CATALOGUE OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 91 

CASE 24. 

2709. CHABBEBEH. Vertical Flute, Wood, inlaid with 
metal and ivory. 6 finger holes. 

Length, 13 inches. 

2710. SORNA, or Zourna. Reed Pipe, Wood, inlaid with 
ivory. Reed mouth-piece missing. 

Length, 12^ inches. 

TURKEY. 

CASE 25 A. 

2810. BAZ. Dervish Drum. Metal bowl with head of parch- 
ment. 

Height, 4 inches. Diameter, 5 inches. 



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GENERAL INDEX 



PAGE 

Algoja 57 

Amma-no-fuye 44 

Ananda Lahari 56, 68 

Ankle Bells 61 

Anklets 62 

Arghoul 81 

Bag-pipes : 

Burmah 55 

India 56 

Turkey 74 

Balloon Guitars: ^ 

China 20 

Japan 30, 31 

Banjo 19, 20 

Banya 59, 60, 62 

Batellus 79 

Batsu 34, Z1 

Baz 74, 75, 9i 

Bells: 

Burmah 

Hand 53 

Wind 53 

China 

Camel 15 

Donkey 18 

Hand 16, 17 

Prayer 17 

Temple 15, 85 

Corea 
Wind 45 

India 

Ankle 61 

Bullock 60 

Camel 61 

Elephant 60 

Hand 61 

Runners' 62 

Japan 

Chanting 38 

Harness 39, 40, 41 

Shinto 39 

Temple 38 

Waniguchi 39 

Wind 40 

Persia 72 

Siam 

Buffalo 49 

Cow 48, 49 



PAGE 

Bells (Siam), continued. 

Dog 48 

Elephant 49 

Ox 48 

Bell Girdle 52 

Bell Pulley 49 

Benares- vina 66 

Biwa 30, 31 

Budbudiki 57 

Buffalo Bell 49 

Bullock Bell 60 

Bullock's Collar 89 

Camel Bell 15, 61 

Castanets : 

China 24, 2^ 

India 61 

Persia 72 

Siam 49 

Syria 80 

Turkey 76 

Chabbebeh 71, 91 

Cha-chiao 16 

Cha-koh 18 

Chan Chung 17 

Chang gon 45 

Chanting Bell 38 

Charp 50 

Charumera 43 

Che (See Se). 

Cheng 24, 87 

Ch'in 25 

Chinchichi 38 

Chinese Music, Examples of. . . 87 

Ching . , 50 

Ch'in-sian 26 

Chittika 62 

Choundake 56 

(Thu-ko-kou 21 

Clappers : 

Burmah 51, 52 

India 62 

Japan 35 

Turkey 76 

Conch Shell Trumpets : 

China 16 

India 56, 57 

Japan 41 

Cow Bell 48, 49- 



92 



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GENERAL INDEX— Continued. 



PAGE 

Crocodile Harps: 

Burmah 55 

Siam 46 

Cymbals : 

Burmah 52. 54 

China 15, 17, 18, 19 

India 61 

Japan 34. 37 

Persia 72 

Siam 50 

Turkey 75 



Dabbous 76 

Dafif 82 

Dahareh 69 

Daiko 32 

Daira 73^ 74. 75 

Damani 59 

Daraboukkeh, y2>^ 75, 78, 79, 80, 82 

Dayere 69. 70, 72 

Den den daiko ^ . . . 35 

Dervish Drums 74, 75 

Dervish Horn 71 

Dervish Pipe 77 

Dervish Whirling Rattle 76 

Dhola 63 

Dholaka 58 

Dimplipito 72 

Dobachi 34. 40 

Do-byoshi 34 

Dog Bell 48 

Dohol 70, 71 

Dombeg 70, 72 

Donkey Bell 18 

Dora '. 34 

Dorje 61 

Dosa 42 

Doteku 39 

Double Bell 72 

Double Flute 57 

Double Hand Drum 26 

Double Whistle 44, 76 

Dragon Flute 42 

Drilbu 61 

Drums : 

Arabia 81, 82 

Burmah 52, 54, 86 

China 21, 24, 25, 26, 27 

Corea 45 

India . . .56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 62, 63 
Japan ....30, Z2, 34. 35. 36, 85 

Persia 70, 71,72, 73 

Siam 46, 48, 49 



Drums, continued. 

Syria .78, 79, 80 

Turkey 75, 90 

Drum Organ 86 

Duduki 76 

Duduk (See Duduki). 

Duff 56 

Dulcimers: 

Burmah 54 

China 18 

Corea 46 

India 56, 63 

Japan 33, 34 

Turkev .; 77. 78 

Dung-Cii'en 87 

Eka-tara 64, 65, 68 

Ekirei 40, 41 

El'oud (See E'Oud). 

E'Oud 79 

Erh-h'sien 19, 20 

Esrar 68 

E'suzu 39 

Faggeishah 80 

Fan Drum 35 

Fellahee 74 

Fiddles : 

China 19, 20 

Corea 46 

Japan 30, 31, 2>Z 

Siam 46, 47 

Syria 78, 79, 80 

Flageolets : 

Burmah 51, 54 

India 57 

Persia 71 

Turkey 76 

Flutes : 

Burmah 51 

China 2^, 24 

Corea 44, 45 

India 57 

Japan 42, 43, 44 

Siam 50 

Persia 71 

Flute Music 87 

Foon 23 

Frog Drum 85 

Fung Kam 15, 18 

Furin 40 

Furi-tsuzumi 2/^ 

Fuye 43, 44 



93 



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GENERAL INDEX— Continued. 



FACE 

Gekkin 30 

Gekko 32 

Gele-masha 76 

Genkwan 31 

Ghaida 74 

Ghutru 56 

Go-gek-kin 33 

Go-kin 33 

Gongs : 

Armenia 79 

Burmah 52, 53. 54, 55 

China 20, 21 

India 62 

Japan, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 86 

Siam 49, 50 

Gong Chime 22 

Gong Organ 86 

Goongooroo 61 

Gopi Yantra 64, 68 

Gotchnag 79 

Guard Rattle 80 

Guenbri 79, 80, 83 

Guitars : 

Balloon 20, 30, 31 

Moon 19, 30, 47 

Peacock 63, 64 

Siamese 47 

Gunibry (See Guenbri). 

Gyo 86 

Haggum 45 

Hai-lo 16 

Hand Bells : 

Burmah 53 

China 16, 17 

India 61 

Hanging Gong 35 

Han-koto 28 

Hansho 40 

Hanteki 37 

Hatsu 34, 37 

Harmonicon 42 

Harness Bell 40, 41 

Harps : 

Arabia 83 

Burmah 54, 55 

Head Drum 57 

Heang-teih 18 

Heem 51, 52 

Hichi-riki 44 

Hitoegiri 44 

Hityokiri (See Hitoegiri). 

Hnai 53 

Hokei 37 



PAGE 

Hokyo 35, 37 

Horagai 41 

Horanawa 90 

Horanokai 41 

Horns : 

Burmah 52 

China 87 

India 59 

Persia 71 

Siam 51 

Ho-sho 42 

Hsiao 23 

Hsing 17 

Hu-ch'in 19 

Hu-hu 20 

Hu-kin (See Hu-ch'in). 

Huruk 57 

Hwang-teih 85 

Hyokin 34 

Hyoshigi 35 

Ichi-gen-kin 28, 29 

Japanese Music, Examples of . . 88 
Jews' Harps: 

Asiatic Russia 70 

India 58 

Japan 42 

Siam 50 

Jhang 61 

Jindai Rappa 43 

Jindai S'.izu 39, 41 

Jingling Spoons 71 

Jinniritsi 42 

Junk 83 

Kachhapi vina 67 

Kagami dora 36 

Kagura suzu 40, 41 

K'ai-ti 18 

Kajirei 41 

Kakko 30 

Kan-dung 59 

Kang T'ung 16, 87 

Kanoon 77 

Kanuna 56 

Karana 85 

Karnal 71 

Kashooks 71 

Katyanana-vina 56 

Kazo 30 

Kei 35,39, 40 

Keikm 33 

Kemangeh 73, 74, 75 

Kcmangeh a'gouz 82 



94 



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GENERAL INDEX— Continued. 



Kemantche (See Kemangeh). 

Kinnari vina 65, 67 

Kettle Drum 78, 84 

Kheng 21 

Khew 53» 61 

Khudra Katyayana-vina 64 

Kin (See Ch'in). 

Klong Khek 46, 48 

Klong Pong Ping 46 

Klong Ta Roti Pote 48 

Klong Yai 48 

Klui 50 

Komounko 45 

Kokin 31 

Kokiu 30 

Koto 28 

Ko-tsuzumi 35 

Kou 21, 24, 25, 26, 2y 

Ko-tze 22, 23 

Koy 51 

Kra Chapee 47 

Krap Puang 49 

Kuan-tzu 24 

Kunjerre vina 68 

Kurna 58 

Kurtar 62 

Kyee Weing 86 

Kyee-zee 53 

Lah-ch'in 25 

Ladakeh 90 

La Kang 50 

Lama Trumpet 16, 87 

La-pa 15, 16 

Lo 20, 21 

Lo chu 2y 

Lo-tseih 21 

Lozeu 16 

Lutes : 

China 25 

Siam 46 

Syria 79 

Mahati Vina 67, 68 

Mamban tetsu no fuye 43 

Mayuri 63, 64 

Megyoung 55 

Meijiwiz 80, 81 

Minjaireh 80 

Minteki 24 

Mirror Gong 36 

Mochanga 58 

Mokkine 42 



PAGE 

Moku-gyo 35, 36 

Mokuri 42 

Moon Drum 32 

Moon Guitars : 

China 19 

Japan 30 

Siam 47 

Moushag 55 

Mouth Organs : 

Burmah 51, 52 

China 24 

Corea 45 

Japan 43 

Siam 49, 50, 51 

Murali 69 

Music : 

China 87 

Japan 88, 89 

Musical Ball 27 

Musical Bow 69, 87 

Musical Kite 15, 18 

Nagare 72 

Nagasara 60, 90 

Nag-pheni 59 

Nakakeer 84 

Nallari 45 

Naqqareh . . .75* 78, 79, 80, 81, 82 

Nay 71, TJ, 81 

Neck Drum 82 

Nefir 71 

Nei 71 

Nicko-sho 39 

Ni-gen-kin 28, 29 

Nijugo-gen 29 

No 51 

No Kan 43, 44 

Nyastaranga 58 

Oboes : 

Asiatic Russia 70 

Burmah 53 

China 18 

Corea 45 

India 60, 89 

Japan 43 

Siam 51 

Syria 80 

Turkey 76 

O'Daiko 84 

Osobuki 42, 44 

O'Tsuzumi 34 

Ozee 54 



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GENERAL INDEX— Continued. 



PAGE 

Pa-chiao-kou 26 

Pakhwaj 59 

Pai-pan 24 

Pan 27 

Panchama Ottu 60 

Pang Kiang 45 

Pang-kou 2^ 

Pan Pipes: 

Burmah 51 

Japan 42 

Pat-mah 86 

Pattala 52, 54 

Pawa ^1 

Peacock Guitar 63, 64 

Pecah 47 

Pee 51 

Peechawai 51 

Pepa (See P'i-p'a). 

Phan 49t 50 

Phek 24 

Phenix Flute 42 

Phunga 58 

Pigeon Whistle 22, 2}^ 

Pin 46 

Pina 23 

Pinaka 69 

P'i-p'a 20 

Po 15. 17. 18, 19 

Poongi 58, 69, 90 

Prayer Bell 17 

Prayer Gong 35' 36 

Puloay 51 

Psaltery 11 

Qanon 17 

Rabab 69 

Rana Shringa 58 

Ranat Ek 50 

Rappakai 41 

Rattles : 

China 26, 27 

Corea 45 

India 58 

Turkey 76 

Rebab esh sha'er 78, 79, 80 

Reed Instruments, 24, 44, 60, 80, 81 

Rikk 78 

Ritchuku 42 

Riu-teki 42 

Rudra vina 69 

Rumana 46 

Runners' Bells 61, 62 

Ryuteki (See Riu-teki). 



PAGE 

Saihwang 45 

Saimisen (See Samisen). 

Saing Waing 86 

Salamouri 70 

Samisen 32 

Sanai 60 

San-gen-dakin 33 

San-gen-kin 29 

San-heen (See San-h'sien). 

San-h'sien 19, 20 

Santir yj^ 78 

Sarangi 66, 69 

Sarinda 63 

Sar Mundal 54, 64 

Sarod 05, 69 

Sarungi 64 

Sauktika-vina 67 

Saw-tai 46 

Saz 74 

Sceptre 61 

Schiguene 31 

Scholar's Lute 25 

Schoschi 42 

Schoschi-bouie 42 

Se 26 

Seaou-po 15, 18, 19 

See Saw Duang 47 

See Saw Oo 47 

Seionkin-kin 28 

Seiteki 43 

Sek-kei yj 

Seouno-fuye 42 

Shaking Drum 36 

Shakugio 41 

Shakuhachi , 43 

Shark's Mouth Gong 37, 38 

Sharode (See Sarod). 
Sheng (See Cheng). 

Shepherd's Pipe jy 

Shichi-gen-kin 33 

Shichiriki 44 

Shime Daiko 30 

Shiu Cha 15 

Sho ' 43 

Shono-f uye 43 

Shoko 36 

Shoulder Drum 35 

Shunk 56, 57 

Siakuhachi (See Shakuhachi). 

Side Drum 34 

Sindj 72 

Single-Hand Drum 26 

Sistrum 41 

Sitar 63, 65, 67 



96 



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GENERAL INDEX— Continued. 



Skull Drum 59 

Snake Charmer's Pipe .... 58, 89 

Sona 18 

Sona Rappa 42 

Song Drum 30 

Song Nah 46 

Sono Koto 28 

Sonorous Stone 21, 22 

Soor 60 

Soorsringa 66 

Soote 71 

Soma 71*91 

Souflfarah 76 

Souma Koto 28 

Soung 54, 55 

Soutak 72 

Stringed Instruments not 
otherwise specified: 

Arabia 81, 82, 83 

Burmah 55 

China 25 

India 66 

Japan 30, 32 

Persia 90 

Siam 47 

Syria 78, 79 

Su-d'zu 39, 40 

Su-lo 21 

Sung 47 

Sur Sanga 68 

Tabla 59 

Tabbalat 82 

Tabbalat Arrakeb 82 

Tab'l bel' edee 75 

Tabl-Shamee 82 

Takachihokin 31 

Ta-khay 46 

Tamboura 63, 70 

Tambourines : 

Arabia 82 

Asiatic Russia 69 

China 26 

India 56. 68 

Persia 70, ^2 

Syria 78 

Turkey T},. 74. 75 

Tanbour 70, 12^. 74. 75 

Tanbour Bouzourk 74, 75 

Tanbour Kebyr "jy 

Tang-tsz 21 

T'ao-kou 26 

Taoosee 65 

Tarau 53 



PAGE 

Target Drum 41 

Tayuc 63, 64 

Te-ch'ing 22 

Teikin "31 

Tekkin 42 

Temple Bells: 

China 15, 88 

India 90 

Japan 38, 88 

Temple Drum 2>7^ 85 

Temple Gongs : 

China 21 

India 62 

Japan 35 

Siam 85 

Temple Instruments : 

China 27 

Japan 2^2, 40, 41. 85, 87 

Temple Rattle 45 

Thia-pang-kou 25 

Than Hwin 52 

Than-khanjani 68 

Thari 69. 70, 71, yz, 75 

Thone 48 

Thro 53 

Thunderbolt 61 

Ti-ch'in 20 

Tiger 27 

Ti-kin (See Tich'in). 

Time Marker 41 

Ti-tzu 23, 24 

Toko 2i^ 

Tonkari 31 

Tooloom 74 

Toomerie Nagassaran 60 

Tootoore 59 

T'oungsye 44, 45 

Toy Hand Drums : 

China 25, 26 

India 62 

Transverse Flutes : 

India 57. 58, 69 

Japan 42,43. 44 

Persia 71 

Truba 70 

Trumpets : 

China 15, 16. 85, 87 

India 56, 57. 58, 59. 60, 85 

Japan 41, 42, 43 

Persia 71, 85 

Tseng 25 

Tsuri Daiko 32, 84 

Tsuri Kane 35 

Tubri 58, 69 



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GENERAL INDEX— Continued.- 



PAGE 

Tumburu 67 

Tumburu Vina 66 

Tung Keo 16 

Turi 59 

Tutatsu-bioshi 44 

Twin Drums 82 

Ty 23 



Wind Bells, continued. 

Corea 45 

Japan 40 

Wind Instruments not other- 
wise specified: 

Japan 42 

Siam 50 



Tzken-h'sien-hu-ch'in 20 Wooden Fish 35, 36 



Udakea 56 

Uta-daiko 30 

Umpan 36 

Ur-heen 19 

Vertical Flutes: 

Corea 44» 45 

China 23, 24 

India 57 

Japan 43, 44 

Persia 71 

Syria 80, 81 

Turkey ^7 

Violins : 

Burmah 53» 55 

India 63, 64, 66, 69 

Vina 68 

Wahle Khoht 51, 52 

Waniguchi 2P, 38 

Waniguchi Bell 39 

War Horn 52 

Whistles : 

China 22, 23 

Japan 42, 44 

Syria 80 

Turkey ^7 

Whistling Jar 72 

Wind Bells : 
Burmah 53 



Xylophones : 

Burmah 52, 54 

Japan ; 42 

Siam 50 

Ya-gwin 54 

Yakumo Koto 29 

Yamato Koto 27 

Yang-ch'in 18 

Yang'ong 50 

Yang Gum 46 

Yang-kin (See Yang-ch'in). 

Yan Kin 34 

Yata-kikane 35 

Yayoi-koto ZZ 

Ye Kin 20 

Yektar 64 

Ying-kou 21 

Yo-kin 28, 33 

Yoko Fuye 44 

Yu 27 

Yueh-ch'in 19 

Yue-kin (See Yueh-ch'in). 
Yun-lo 22 

Zamr 7(i 

Zamr-el-kebyr 80 

Zichirei 41 

Zil 75 

Zingue 72 

Zitty 56 

Zourna 70, 71, 76, 89 



98 



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58 

N4Rinb 
no. 13 
Volume 2 



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